Thermobaric weapon

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A thermobaric weapon, aerosol bomb, fuel air explosive, or vacuum bomb[1] is a type of explosive that uses oxygen from the surrounding air to create a high-temperature explosion.

This can be launched as a rocket or dropped from an airplane as a bomb.[2]

Effects[change | change source]

In 2000, Human Rights Watch quoted United States authorities, on how the blast's "kill mechanism against living [things or] targets is unique—and unpleasant. ... What kills is the pressure wave, and more importantly, the subsequent [vacuum or] rarefaction, which ruptures the lungs. ... If the fuel [burns or] deflagrates but does not [... explode], victims will be severely burned and will probably also [... breathe] the burning fuel. [... The] most common FAE fuels [or fuel-air explosion fuels], ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, are highly toxic"; Breathing unexploded FAE adds to the risk of (related) death.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Harrison, Virginia (2022-03-01). "What are thermobaric weapons and how do they work?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2022-03-01.
  2. "Ukraine conflict: What is a vacuum or thermobaric bomb?". BBc News. March 2, 2022. p. 1. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  3. "Backgrounder on Russian Fuel Air Explosives ("Vacuum Bombs") | Human Rights Watch". Hrw.org. 1 February 2000. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.