Time Person of the Year

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Person of the Year is an issue of the United States magazine Time that has come out each year since 1927. Until 1999, it was called "Man of the Year."[1]

The "Person of the Year" is not always a person. It can be a person, group, idea, or thing that "for better or for worse...has done the most to influence the events of the year".[2] This means that being chosen is not an award, like being chosen as the "best person of the year." The Person of the Year may be an enemy of the United States, like Adolf Hitler (1938) or Joseph Stalin (1939 and 1942).[3] Every year, Time chooses the person who they think has had the most effect on the things that have happened in that year (whether those things were good or bad).[4]

The first Person of the Year was aviator Charles Lindbergh, in 1927. Since then, Persons of the Year have included groups, whole generations, important objects, and even the Earth. Since the list began, every serving President of the United States has been a Person of the Year at least once, except for Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Gerald Ford. Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only person to have been named Person of the Year three times.

The December 31, 1999 issue of Time named Albert Einstein the "Person of the Century". Franklin D. Roosevelt and Mahatma Gandhi were chosen as runners-up.[5]

Persons of the Year[change | change source]

1920s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1927 Charles Lindbergh Time cover 1928.jpg Charles Lindbergh 1902–1974 Lindbergh completed the first solo transatlantic flight in May 1927 by piloting his monoplane Spirit of St. Louis from Garden City, New York to Paris, France.
1928 Walter P. Chrysler at White House (cropped).png Walter Chrysler 1875–1940 In 1928, Chrysler oversaw a merger of his Chrysler Corporation with Dodge before beginning work on the Chrysler Building.
1929 Owen D. Young.jpg Owen D. Young 1874–1962 Young chaired a committee which authored 1929's Young Plan, a program for settlement of German reparations after World War I.

1930s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1930 Gandhi Time cover 1931.jpg Mahatma Gandhi 1869–1948 Gandhi was the leader of the India's independence movement. In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha, a 240-mile march to protest the imposition of taxes on salt by the British Raj.
1931 Pierre Laval-TIME-1932.jpg Pierre Laval 1883–1945 Laval was first elected Prime Minister of France in 1931. Laval was popular in the American press at the time for opposing the Hoover Moratorium, a temporary freeze on World War I debt payments that was disliked in both France and the US.[6]
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt TIME Man of the Year 1933 color photo.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt 1882–1945 Roosevelt won the 1932 US Presidential election by a landslide, defeating the incumbent, Herbert Hoover.
1933 Hugh S. Johnson.jpg Hugh S. Johnson 1882–1942 In 1933 Johnson was appointed director of the National Recovery Administration. US President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave him the task of bringing industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.
1934 Franklin D. Roosevelt Time cover 1935.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt (2) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 to 1945. In 1934, Roosevelt's New Deal reforms were beginning to bear fruit.
1935 Haile Selassie Time cover 1936.jpg Haile Selassie 1892–1975 Selassie was Emperor of Ethiopia in 1935, when Italian forces invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
1936 Wallis Simpson -1936.JPG Wallis Simpson 1896–1986 In 1936, Simpson's relationship with King Edward VIII led the king to abdicate his throne in order to marry her.
1937 Chiang Kai-shek(蔣中正).jpg Chiang Kai-shek 1887–1975 Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China at the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Soong May-ling wearing China Air Force pin.jpg Soong Mei-ling 1898–2003 Soong was wife of Chiang Kai-shek from 1927 until his death in 1975. Addressed as Madame Chiang Kai-Shek by the magazine, she was recognized together with her husband as "Man & Wife of the Year".[7]
1938 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler (cropped).jpg Adolf Hitler 1889–1945 As Chancellor of Germany, Hitler oversaw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938, after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively. Instead of a conventional portrait, the cover was an illustration by Rudolph von Ripper entitled 'Hitler Plays the Hymn of Hate'.[8]
1939 CroppedStalin1943.jpg Joseph Stalin 1878–1953 In 1939, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and de facto leader of the Soviet Union. He oversaw the signing of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany before invading eastern Poland.

1940s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1940 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg Winston Churchill 1874–1965 Churchill was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1940 Dunkirk evacuation and the Battle of Britain.
1941 Franklin Roosevelt signing declaration of war against Japan.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt (3) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States in 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor, declaration of war against Japan and resulting entry of the United States into World War II. The editors had already chosen Dumbo as their "Mammal of the Year" before the Pearl Harbor attack, but quickly changed it to Roosevelt.[9]
1942 JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942.jpg Joseph Stalin (2) 1878–1953 By 1942, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Premier of the Soviet Union, overseeing the Battle of Stalingrad (1942–1943).
1943 George C. Marshall, U.S. Secretary of State (cropped).jpg George C. Marshall 1880–1959 As United States Army Chief of Staff in 1943, General Marshall was instrumental in organizing US actions in World War II.
1944 General Dwight D. Eisenhower.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower 1890–1969 General Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during 1944's Operation Overlord.
1945 Harry S. Truman.jpg Harry S. Truman 1884–1972 Truman became President of the United States after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, authorizing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1946 James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg James F. Byrnes 1879–1972 In 1946, Byrnes was United States Secretary of State during the Iran crisis of 1946, taking an increasingly hardline position in opposition to Stalin. His speech, "Restatement of Policy on Germany", set the tone of future US policy, repudiating the Morgenthau Plan economic policies and giving Germans hope for the future.
1947 George C. Marshall, U.S. Secretary of State (cropped).jpg George Marshall (2) 1880–1959 Appointed United States Secretary of State in 1947, Marshall was the architect of the Marshall Plan.
1948 Truman initiating Korean involvement.jpg Harry S. Truman (2) 1884–1972 Truman was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1948, which is considered to be one of the greatest election upsets in American history.[10][11][12]
1949 Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg Winston Churchill (2) 1874–1965 Proclaimed as the "Man of the half-century", Churchill had led Britain and the Allies to victory in WWII. In 1949, Churchill was Leader of the Opposition.

1950s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1950 Man-of-the-Year-TIME-1951.jpg The American fighting-man Representing U.S. troops involved in the Korean War (1950–1953).
1951 Mossadeghmohammad.jpg Mohammad Mossadegh 1882–1967 In 1951, Mossadegh was elected as Prime Minister of Iran and expelled western oil companies, starting the Abadan Crisis.
1952 Queen Elizabeth II-TIME-1953.jpg Elizabeth II Born in 1926 In 1952, Elizabeth acceded to the throne of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms upon the death of her father, King George VI
1953 Konrad-Adenauer-TIME-1954.jpg Konrad Adenauer 1876–1967 In 1953, Adenauer was re-elected as Chancellor of West Germany.
1954 Senator John Foster Dulles (R-NY) (cropped).jpg John Foster Dulles 1888–1959 As United States Secretary of State in 1954, Dulles was architect of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
1955 Mr. Harlow H. Curtice, General Manager. Buick Motor Division.jpg Harlow Curtice 1893–1962 Curtice was President of General Motors (GM) from 1953 to 1958. In 1955, GM sold five million vehicles and became the first corporation to earn US$1 billion in a single year.[13]
1956 Szétlőtt harckocsi a Móricz Zsigmond körtéren.jpg The Hungarian freedom fighter Representing Hungarian revolutionaries involved in the failed 1956 uprising.
1957 Nikita-Khrushchev-TIME-1958.jpg Nikita Khrushchev 1894–1971 In 1957, Khrushchev consolidated his leadership of the Soviet Union, surviving a plot to dismiss him by members of the Presidium, and leading the Soviet Union into the Space Race with the launch of Sputnik 1.
1958 Charles-DeGaulle-TIME-1959.jpg Charles de Gaulle 1890–1970 De Gaulle was appointed Prime Minister of France in May 1958 and, following the collapse of the Fourth Republic and establishment of the Fifth Republic, was then elected President of France in December.
1959 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower (2) 1890–1969 Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

1960s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1960 Conical flask teal.svg U.S. Scientists Represented by George Beadle, Charles Draper, John Enders, Donald A. Glaser, Joshua Lederberg, Willard Libby, Linus Pauling, Edward Purcell, Isidor Rabi, Emilio Segrè, William Shockley, Edward Teller, Charles Townes, James Van Allen, and Robert Woodward.
1961 John F. Kennedy, White House photo portrait, looking up.jpg John F. Kennedy 1917–1963 Kennedy was inaugurated as President of the United States in 1961, ordering the failed invasion of Cuba by U.S.-trained Cuban exiles.
1962 Pope John XXIII - Time Magazine Cover - January 4, 1963.jpg Pope John XXIII 1881–1963 John XXIII was head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1958 to 1963. In 1962, he volunteered as a mediator in the Cuban Missile Crisis, gaining praise from both sides. He also initiated the Second Vatican Council that same year.
1963 Martin Luther King, Jr..jpg Martin Luther King Jr. 1929–1968 A leader of the Civil Rights Movement, King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in 1963.
1964 37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson 1908–1973 Johnson was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1964, before securing the passage of the Civil Rights Act, declaring a War on Poverty and escalating U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
1965 Gen William C Westmoreland.jpg William Westmoreland 1914–2005 General Westmoreland was commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
1966 US Birth Rates.svg The Inheritor Representing a generation of American men and women, aged 25 and under.
1967 LBJ3.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson (2) 1908–1973 Johnson was President of the United States from 1963 to 1969.
1968 Apollo 8 Crewmembers - GPN-2000-001125.jpg The Apollo 8 astronauts Born in 1933, 1928 and 1928 In 1968, the crew of Apollo 8 (William Anders, Frank Borman and Jim Lovell) became the first humans to travel beyond low Earth orbit, orbiting the Moon and paving the way for the first manned Moon landings in 1969.
1969 US map-Central.png The Middle Americans Also referred to as the silent majority.[14]

1970s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1970 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg Willy Brandt 1913–1992 As Chancellor of West Germany, Brandt was acknowledged for "seeking to bring about a fresh relationship between East and West" through his "bold approach to the Soviet Union and the East Bloc".[15]
1971 Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg Richard Nixon 1913–1994 Nixon was President of the United States from 1969 to 1974.
1972 Richard M. Nixon 30-0316M original (cropped).jpg Richard Nixon (2) 1913–1994 As President of the United States, Nixon visited China in 1972, the first U.S. President to do so. Nixon later secured the SALT I pact with the Soviet Union before being re-elected in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history.
Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry Kissinger Born in 1923 Kissinger, as Nixon's National Security Advisor, traveled with the President to China in 1972.
1973 WatergateFromAir.JPG John Sirica 1904–1992 In 1973, as Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over Watergate-related recordings of White House conversations.
1974 King Faisal of Saudi Arabia on on arrival ceremony welcoming 05-27-1971 (cropped).jpg King Faisal 1906–1975 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia, was acknowledged in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973–1974, caused by Saudi Arabia withdrawing its oil from world markets in protest at Western support for Israel during the Yom Kippur War.
1975 MarilynMonroe - YankArmyWeekly.jpg American women Represented by Susan Brownmiller, Kathleen Byerly, Alison Cheek, Jill Conway, Betty Ford, Ella Grasso, Carla Hills, Barbara Jordan, Billie Jean King, Carol Sutton, Susie Sharp, and Addie Wyatt.
1976 JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpg Jimmy Carter Born in 1924 In 1976, Carter was elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent President Gerald Ford.
1977 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat 1918–1981 Sadat, as President of Egypt, traveled to Israel in 1977—the first Arab leader to do so—to discuss normalization of Egypt-Israel relations.
1978 Deng Xiaoping.jpg Deng Xiaoping 1904–1997 China's Vice Premier. Deng overthrew Hua Guofeng to assume de facto control over China in 1978, as Paramount Leader.
1979 عکسی از خمینی.JPG Ruhollah Khomeini 1902–1989 Khomeini led the 1979 Iranian Revolution, establishing himself as Supreme Leader.

1980s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1980 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan 1911–2004 Reagan was elected President of the United States in 1980, defeating incumbent President Jimmy Carter.
1981 Strajk sierpniowy w Stoczni Gdańskiej im. Lenina 22.jpg Lech Wałęsa Born in 1943 Leader of the Polish Solidarity trade union and architect of the Gdańsk Agreement until his arrest and the imposition of martial law in December 1981.
1982 Sanco 8001.jpg The Computer Denoted "Machine of the Year" to herald the dawn of the Information Age.
1983 Ronald Reagan presidential portrait (cropped).jpg Ronald Reagan (2) 1911–2004 In 1983, as President of the United States, Reagan ordered the invasion of Grenada and championed the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Yuri Andropov - Soviet Life, August 1983.jpg Yuri Andropov 1914–1984 Andropov, as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was a strong critic of the Strategic Defense Initiative. Andropov was hospitalized in August 1983 and subsequently died in 1984.
1984 Peter Ueberroth 1985.jpg Peter Ueberroth Born in 1937 Ueberroth orchestrated the organization of the 1984 Summer Olympics, which involved a Soviet-led boycott.
1985 Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter at the arrival ceremony for the Vice Premier of China. - NARA - 183157-restored(cropped).jpg Deng Xiaoping (2) 1904–1997 As Paramount Leader of China, Deng was acknowledged for "sweeping economic reforms that have challenged Marxist orthodoxies".[16]
1986 Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg Corazon Aquino 1933–2009 Aquino was a prominent figure in 1986's People Power Revolution, being elected President of the Philippines.
1987 Gorbachev (cropped).jpg Mikhail Gorbachev Born in 1931 As General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and leader of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev oversaw Perestroika political reforms in 1987.
1988 Earth Eastern Hemisphere.jpg The Endangered Earth Planet of the Year, involving an aspect of Mother Nature.
1989 RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg Mikhail Gorbachev (2) Born in 1931 Acknowledged as "Man of the Decade". Gorbachev, as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Soviet leader), oversaw 1989's first free Soviet elections before the fragmentation of the Eastern Bloc.

1990s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1990 George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait (cropped).jpg George H. W. Bush 1924–2018 As President of the United States, Bush oversaw U.S. involvement in the Gulf War (1990–1991).
1991 Ted Turner LF.JPG Ted Turner Born in 1938 Founder of CNN. The piece particularly highlighted CNN's coverage of Operation Desert Storm and the Gulf War, proclaiming it "History as it happens".
1992 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton Born in 1946 Clinton was elected President of the United States in 1992, defeating incumbent President George H. W. Bush.
1993 Peace sign.svg The Peacemakers Represented by Yasser Arafat, F. W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela, and Yitzhak Rabin.
De Klerk, as State President of South Africa, oversaw Mandela's release from prison in 1990. The pair worked together to end the Apartheid system.
Arafat, as President of the Palestinian National Authority, and Rabin, as Prime Minister of Israel, signed the 1993 Oslo Accord, the first face-to-face agreement between Palestinian and Israeli authorities.
1994 JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpg Pope John Paul II 1920–2005 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005.
1995 NewtGingrich.jpg Newt Gingrich Born in 1943 Leader of the "Republican Revolution", a Republican party election landslide, which led to Gingrich being elected Speaker of the House.
1996 David Ho portrait.JPG David Ho Born in 1952 Ho, a scientist, pioneered much AIDS research.
1997 Andrew Grove.jpg Andrew Grove 1936–2016 In 1997, Grove was Chairman and CEO of Intel, recognized as a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
1998 William J. Clinton - NCI Visuals Online (cropped).jpg Bill Clinton (2) Born in 1946 As President of the United States, Clinton was impeached in 1998 following the Lewinsky scandal. The Senate acquitted him of the charges.
Starr-large (1).jpg Ken Starr Born in 1946 Starr, a lawyer investigating various figures within the Clinton administration, published his Starr Report in 1998, opening the door for the impeachment of Bill Clinton.
1999 Jeff Bezos' iconic laugh.jpg Jeff Bezos Born in 1964 Bezos is founder and CEO of Amazon.com.

2000s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes Runners-up
2000 GeorgeWBush.jpg George W. Bush Born in 1946 In 2000, Bush was elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Vice President Al Gore.
2001 Rudy Giuliani.jpg Rudy Giuliani Born in 1944 Giuliani was Mayor of New York City at the time of the September 11 attacks in 2001, was selected as a symbol of America's response to the attacks.
2002 Whistle icon.svg The Whistleblowers Represented by Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley, and Sherron Watkins.
In 2001, Watkins uncovered accounting irregularities in the financial reports of Enron, testifying before Congressional committees the following year. In 2002, Cooper exposed a $3.8 billion fraud at WorldCom. At the time, this was the largest incident of accounting fraud in U.S. history. In 2002, Rowley, an FBI agent, gave testimony about the FBI's mishandling of information related to the September 11 attacks of 2001.
2003 2ID Recon Baghdad.jpg The American soldier (2) Representing U.S. forces around the world, especially in the Iraq War (2003–2011).
2004 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush (2) Born in 1946 In 2004, Bush was re-elected President of the United States, defeating John Kerry and overseeing U.S. involvement in the Iraq War.
2005 Bill og Melinda Gates 2009-06-03 (bilde 01).JPG
Bono WEF 2008.jpg
The Good Samaritans Represented by Bono, Bill Gates, and Melinda Gates.
Bono, philanthropist and member of the rock band U2, helped to organise the 2005 Live 8 concerts. Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and richest person in the world at the time, and his wife Melinda, founded the philanthropic Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
2006 File:Time youcover01.jpg You[18] Representing individual content creators on the World Wide Web.
2007 Vladimir Putin official portrait.jpg Vladimir Putin[20] Born in 1952 In 2007, Putin was ending his second term as President of Russia and preparing to become Prime Minister.
2008 Obama portrait crop.jpg Barack Obama[22] Born in 1961 In 2008, Obama was elected President of the United States, defeating John McCain becoming the first African-American President of the United States
2009 Ben Bernanke official portrait.jpg Ben Bernanke[24] Born in 1953 Chairman of the Federal Reserve during the financial crisis of 2007–08.

2010s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes Runners-up
2010 Mark Zuckerberg at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 037.jpg Mark Zuckerberg[26] Born in 1984 Founder of social-networking website Facebook.
2011 Marcha estudiantes Chile.jpg The Protester[28] Representing many global protest movements—for example, the Arab Spring, the Indignants Movement, the Occupy Movement, and the Tea Party movement—as well as protests in Chile, Greece, India, and Russia among others.
2012 President Barack Obama, 2012 portrait crop.jpg Barack Obama (2)[30] Born in 1961 In 2012, Obama was re-elected President of the United States, defeating Mitt Romney.
2013 Pope Francis Philadelphia 2015 (cropped).jpg Pope Francis[32] Born in 1936 Elected head of the Roman Catholic Church in 2013, following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI.
2014 PPE Training (2).jpg Ebola fighters[34] "Ebola fighters" refers to health care workers who helped stop the spread of Ebola virus disease during the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, including not only doctors and nurses, but also ambulance attendants, burial parties and others.[35]
Those represented on the covers included
2015 Angela Merkel Juli 2010 - 3zu4.jpg Angela Merkel Born in 1954 Chancellor of Germany since 2005, recognized for leadership in the Greek debt crisis and European migrant crisis.[42]
2016 Official Portrait of President Donald Trump.jpg Donald Trump Born in 1946 In 2016, Trump was elected President of the United States, defeating Hillary Clinton.
2017 Feminism and Media 2.jpg The Silence Breakers The people who spoke out against sexual abuse and harassment, including the figureheads of the Me Too movement. Represented on the cover by strawberry picker Isabel Pascual (pseudonym), lobbyist Adama Iwu, actress Ashley Judd, software engineer Susan Fowler, singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, and a sixth woman, a hospital worker who wished to remain anonymous and whose face cannot be seen.
The feature also specifically spotlights, in order:
2018 The Guardians

Journalists who faced persecution, arrest or murder for their reporting. Those highlighted on four different covers were:

The feature also spotlights the following journalists, in order:
2019 Greta Thunberg au parlement européen (33744056508), recadré.png Greta Thunberg Born in 2003 Environmental activist and founder of the school strike for the climate campaign.[70] [71]

2020s[change | change source]

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes Runners-up
2020 Joe Biden presidential portrait (cropped).jpg Joe Biden[72] Born in 1942 In 2020, Biden and Harris were elected President and Vice President of the United States respectively, defeating incumbent President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence.[73] Harris became the first woman, first African American, and first Asian American vice president.
3
[74]
Kamala Harris Vice Presidential Portrait (cropped).jpg Kamala Harris[72] Born in 1964

Photo gallery[change | change source]

1927 – 1950[change | change source]

1951 – 1980[change | change source]

1980 – 2000[change | change source]

2001 – 2019[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Eliza Gray. "Person of the Year – TIME". TIME.com. Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  2. Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration (Special Collector's ed.). New York: Time Books. 2002. OCLC 52817840.
  3. "Person of the Year: A Photo History – Notorious Leaders: Controversial Choices". Time. 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
  4. Stacey Leasca (19 December 2012). "Time's 'Person of the Year' is Barack Obama". Global Post. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  5. Golden, Frederic (January 3, 2000). "Person of the Century: Albert Einstein". Time. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
  6. "Original Time article". Archived from the original on 2013-08-13. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  7. Cite error: The named reference Soong was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  8. Kluger, Jeffrey. "130 Years After Hitler's Birth, He Continues to Live as a Symbol of Evil". Time.
  9. "The Timely "Dumbo": Almost a Cover Boy". Walt Disney Family Museum. May 16, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  10. American Experience. "General Article: Presidential Politics". pbs.org. Archived from the original on 2017-02-21. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
  11. Susan Rosegrant (April 18, 2012). University of Michigan (ed.). "ISR and the Truman/Dewey upset". isr.umich.edu. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013.
  12. Ben Cosgrove (October 21, 2012). "Behind the Picture: 'Dewey Defeats Truman'". Time Magazine. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  13. "Harlow H. Curtice is dead at 69". The New York Times. November 4, 1962. Retrieved October 6, 2009. (fee for article)
  14. Larsen, Roy (January 5, 1970). "A Letter From The Publisher". Time. Archived from the original on August 22, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  15. "Willy Brandt", Time Magazine, January 4, 1971, online archive[permanent dead link]. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
  16. Jennings Parrott (December 30, 1985). "Time Picks China's Deng Xiaoping as Man of the Year". Los Angeles Times.
  17. "Man of the Year 1997". Time. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  18. Lev Grossman (13 December 2006). "You — Yes, You — Are TIME's Person of the Year". Time. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 2012–12–20. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  19. NBC News Staff (December 17, 2006). "Time magazine's 'Person of the Year' is ... You". Time.
  20. "Person of the Year 2007". Time. 2007. Archived from the original on August 24, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  21. Time Staff (December 19, 2007). "Complete List – Person of the Year 2007". Time.
  22. Von Drehle, David (December 17, 2008). "Person of the Year 2008". Time. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  23. Time Staff (December 17, 2008). "Person of the Year 2008". Time.
  24. Grunwald, Michael (December 16, 2009). "Person of the Year 2009". Time. Archived from the original on August 26, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
  25. Time Staff (December 16, 2009). "Person of the Year 2009". Time.
  26. Grossman, Lev (December 15, 2010). "Person of the Year 2010". Time. Archived from the original on December 15, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
  27. Time Staff (December 15, 2010). "Complete List – Person of the Year 2010". Time.
  28. Grunwald, Michael (December 14, 2011). "Person of the Year 2011". Time. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
  29. Time Staff (December 14, 2011). "Complete List – Person of the Year 2011". Time.
  30. Michael Scherer (December 19, 2008). "Person of the Year 2012". Time. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
  31. "Person of the Year 2012". Time. December 19, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  32. "Pope Francis, The People's Pope". Time. December 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  33. "Pope Francis: Person of the Year 2013". Time. December 11, 2013.
  34. 34.0 34.1 "The Choice". Time. December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  35. Eliott C. McLaughlin (December 10, 2014). "Ebola fighters are Time's 'Person of the Year'". CNN. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  36. "Image: 1418243285733.jpg, (300 × 400 px)". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 "Time Person of the Year 2014: Ebola Fighters". Time.com. December 10, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  38. "Image: article-time2-1210.jpg (970 × 1293 px)". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  39. "Image: 1D274907403248-ella.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media2.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  40. "Image: 1D274907403249-foday.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media2.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  41. "Image: 1D274907403247-salome.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media4.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  42. Nancy Gibbs (December 9, 2015). "The Choice: Why Angela Merkel is Time's Person of the Year 2015". Time.
  43. "Time Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi". Time. December 9, 2015.
  44. "Time uPerson of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Donald Trump". Time. December 9, 2015.
  45. "Time Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Black Lives Matter". Time. December 9, 2015.
  46. "Time Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Hassan Rouhani". Time. December 9, 2015.
  47. "Time Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Travis Kalanick". Time. December 9, 2015.
  48. "Time Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Caitlyn Jenner". Time. December 9, 2015.
  49. "Hillary Clinton: Time Person of the Year 2016 Runner Up". Time. December 7, 2016.
  50. "Hackers: Time Person of the Year 2016 Runner Up". Time. December 7, 2016.
  51. "Recep Tayyip Erdogan: Turkish President Who Resisted a Coup". Time. December 7, 2016.
  52. "CRISPR Technology Scientists on Their Gene Editing Tool". Time. December 7, 2016.
  53. "Beyonce: Time Person of the Year 2016 Runner Up". Time. December 7, 2016.
  54. Zacharek, Stephanie; Dockterman, Eliana; Edwards, Haley Sweetland. "Time Person of the Year 2017: The Silence Breakers". Time. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  55. Time Person of the Year 2017: The Silence Breakers, POY video posted by TIME to YouTube on Dec 6, 2017
  56. "Donald Trump: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  57. "Xi Jinping: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  58. "Robert Mueller: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  59. "Kim Jong Un: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  60. "Colin Kaepernick: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  61. "Patty Jenkins: Time Person of the Year 2017 Runner Up". Time. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  62. Kim, Eun Kyung (December 11, 2018). "Time's 2018 Person of the Year: 'The Guardians and the War on Truth'". Today Show. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  63. Vick, Karl. "Time Person of the Year 2018: The Guardians". Time. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  64. "Donald Trump: Time Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  65. "Robert Mueller: Tine Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  66. "The Activists: Time Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  67. "Moon Jae-in: Time Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  68. "Ryan Coogler: Time Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  69. "Meghan Markle: Time Person of the Year 2018 Runner Up". Time. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  70. Alter, Charlotte; Haynes, Suyin; Worland, Justin. "Greta Thunberg: Time's Person of the Year 2019". Time. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  71. "Final 5 candidates for Time Person of the Year revealed on Today". Today.com. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  72. 72.0 72.1 Alter, Charlotte (December 11, 2020). "2020 Person of the Year - Joe Biden and Kamala Harris". Time. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  73. "Presidential Election Results: Biden Wins". The New York Times. 2020-11-03. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-12-11.
  74. Stump, Scott. "Who will be TIME's 2020 Person of the Year? See the shortlist". Today.com. Retrieved December 10, 2020.