Use[change | change source]
The capital of China is Beijing. It is at about 116° east. The visual sun time for Beijing is UTC+7:45:32. The time zone UTC+08:00 matches the visual sun time for 120° east. The complete hour UTC+08:00 is a compromise to be compatible to other time zones on earth.
Because Beijing is the capital, and the UTC+08:00 time zone is about right for the capital’s location, people usually call China Standard Time, 北京时间; Běijīng Shíjiān; "northern capital time", in English Beijing Standard Time (BJT).
Xinjiang (East Turkestan) unofficially uses UTC+06:00. Many locations north and south of Xinjiang use this time zone. However, the main population, the Uyghur people, also use the time zone as a political statement, to express disagreement with the central government in Beijing.
Changes[change | change source]
- China was founded in 1949. Before 1949 there were 5 time zones. Geographically, China is in almost 5 time zones.
- Daylight saving time was removed in 1992.
Criticism[change | change source]
Some people say that (except for 112 – 128° E) the usage of UTC+08:00 was harmful. China should have five time zones. The country’s west, especially in Xinjiang, see sunrise as late as 10 a.m. CST, making children go to school in the dark, and sunsets in the summer as late as midnight.
Sources[change | change source]
- "China - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. November 29, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
- "China profile - Timeline". British Broadcasting Corporation. July 29, 2019. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
- Willyard, Cassandra (March 16, 2012). "One Time Zone for the World?". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2022.