Tomie Ōhara

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Tomie Ōhara
大原 富枝
Born28 September 1912
Kochi, Japan
Died27 January 2000
Notable work
  • "Shuku Shussei" (祝出征)
  • "Sutomai Tsunbo" (ストマイつんぼ)
  • "A Woman called En" (婉という女)
  • "Oyuki: Tosa Ichijo-ke no Hokai" (於雪-土佐一條家の崩壊)
  • Akutagawa Prize
  • Women's Literature Award
  • Mainichi Publishing Culture Award
  • Noma Literary Prize
  • Order of the Sacred Treasure

Tomie Ōhara (大原 富枝, September 28, 1912 – January 27, 2000) was a Japanese novelist. She is best known for her novel "A Woman called En".

Early life and education[change | change source]

Ōhara was born on 28 September 1912 in Kochi, Japan. Her father was the principal of an elementary school. Her father had an extensive library where she used to read in. Her mother died when she was 10 years old. She studied at Kochi Joshi Shihan Gakko from 1927 to 1930. She quitted school when she contracted tuberculosis. She did not leave the sanatorium until 1938.[1]

Career[change | change source]

Ōhara's writing career began when she was recovering from tuberculosis. She finished writing her first story in 1935. She began gaining attention as a writer with her 1938 story Shuku Shussei (祝出征). Her story was shortlisted for the Akutagawa Prize.[1] She then move to Tokyo. She became a member of the Bungei Shuto magazine in 1941.[2]

Her tuberculosis recurred in 1955 and lasted until 1957. She published a short story collection in 1957 titled Sutomai Tsunbo (ストマイつんぼ). Her short story won the Women's Literature Award. The stories in the collection are about patients living in a sanatorium.[1]

She then wrote "A Woman called En" (婉という女, En to iu onna) in 1960. It won the Mainichi Publishing Culture Award and the Noma Literary Prize.[2] Her novel Oyuki: Tosa Ichijo-ke no Hokai (於雪-土佐一條家の崩壊) was published in 1970. It won the Women's Literature Award.[3]

In 1976 Ōhara converted to Catholicism.[1] Her new religion had a clear influence on some of her later books.[1]

In 1990 she was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 3rd class.[2] The Ōhara Tomie Museum of Literature opened in 1991.[2] She was named a member of the Japan Art Academy in 1998. Ōhara died on January 27, 2000.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Schierbeck, Sachiko Shibata; Edelstein, Marlene R. (1994). Japanese Women Novelists in the 20th Century: 104 Biographies, 1900-1993. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 978-87-7289-268-9.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "大原富枝とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-11-07.
  3. "大原富枝について". 大原富枝文学館 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-11-07.
  4. Otsuka, Hideyoshi; 大塚英良 (2015). Bungakusha sōtairoku toshokan : sakka, shijintachi nihyakugojūmei no ohakameguri (Shohan ed.). Tōkyō. ISBN 978-4-562-05187-8. OCLC 914461163.

Other websites[change | change source]