Torah (Hebrew: תורה) is a Hebrew word that means "instructions". When most people say the word Torah they are either referring to the whole Jewish Bible, the Tanakh, the first 5 books of the bible or all of the Jewish teaching in general.
The five books are:
- Genesis (Hebrew: Bereishit, בראשית),
- Exodus (Hebrew: Shemot, שמות),
- Leviticus (Hebrew: Vayikra, ויקרא),
- Numbers (Hebrew: Bemidbar, במדבר) and
- Deuteronomy (Hebrew: Devarim, דברים).
Some people may use the word Torah as a name for all the main Jewish teachings.
Each of the books in the Torah are separated into parts called "Parshiyot." Parsha is a Hebrew word meaning "portion." Every Shabbat one parsha is read in the synagogue, but sometimes two are read. This is so that all the parshiyot are finished every year, on the Jewish holiday of Simchat Torah.