Tornado outbreak sequence of June 1966
A photograph of the F5 Topeka, Kansas tornado.
|Max rating1||F5 tornado|
|Duration of tornado outbreak2||~11 days|
|Damage||$104 million (1966 USD)|
|Total fatalities||18 fatalities, 543 injuries|
|Areas affected||Southern and Midwestern United States, Great Plains|
|1Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita scale 2Time from first tornado to last tornado|
The worst tornado of this event happened on the early evening of Wednesday, June 8, 1966. This was when Topeka, Kansas was hit by an F5 rated tornado. It started in the southwest Topeka, and it moved northeast. It went through several neighborhoods and over a local landmark named Burnett's Mound. 57 tornadoes were confirmed during the 11-day span, which left 18 people dead and 543 injured.
Topeka, Kansas tornado[change | change source]
|Max rating1||F5 tornado|
|1Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita scale|
A local Native American legend said that Burnet's Mound (a local landmark that was named after Potawatomi Indian chief Abram Burnett) was thought to protect the city from tornadoes. It was thought that the 250 feet (76 m) hill would cause a tornado that was going to Topeka to die. A few years earlier, a water tower had been built on the mound. This caused controversy among many Topeka residents. They thought it would make the mound less able to protect Topeka fro from tornades. However, ten other tornadoes had hit the city since Kansas state tornado records were first kept in 1889. The 1966 tornado was much stronger than the other ten tornadoes that hit Topeka before June 8.
The Topeka tornado started developing at 6:55 p.m. Central Time on June 8, touching down 8 miles (13 km) west of the city. The National Weather Service could not find the developing tornado on radar. This is because the Topeka forecast office used a modified military radar that was given by the U.S. government after World War II. While it was considered very good for its time, it was not good at finding tornadoes activity, compared to the Doppler weather radar of the present day. Around 7:30 p.m., a 1/4 to 1/2-mile (400–800 m) wide tornado went to the southwest side Topeka, moving northeast, and passed over Burnett's Mound. Bill Kurtis, then a reporter for WIBW-TV (channel 13; then a hybrid CBS/ABC/NBC affiliate, now only affiliated with CBS) wanted to tell people to take shelter from the devastating storm. He told viewers to get to safety by urging in a calm but stern manner, "for God's sake, take cover!"
The total damage estimate was put at $104 million (US$ 772 million in 2019). This makes it one of the costliest tornadoes in U.S. history. 16 people were killed, and many others were injured. However, it is believed that if the had tornado hit during school and work hours or during the night, that as many as 5,000 people would have been killed. Bill Kurtis was credited for saving many lives with his urgent message to take cover.
Notes[change | change source]
- An outbreak was a group of at least six tornadoes, and there was no more than a six-hour gap between individual tornadoes. An outbreak sequence, before modern records that started in 1950, is defined as, at most, two days without at least one significant (F2 or stronger) tornado.
- All damage totals are in 1966 United States dollars unless otherwise noted.
References[change | change source]
- "Topeka Tornado 1966". Kansaspedia. Kansas Historical Society. July 2011.
- Schneider, Russell S.; Harold E. Brooks; Joseph T. Schaefer. "Tornado Outbreak Day Sequences: Historic Events and Climatology (1875-2003)" (PDF). Norman, Oklahoma: Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
-  Archived November 14, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
Other websites[change | change source]
- Tornado Damage Patterns in Topeka, Kansas, June 8, 1966 (Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 95, No. 6)
- NWS Topeka page
- Topeka Capital-Journal online
- Access Menninger photographs and documents on Kansas Memory, the Kansas State Historical Society's digital portal
- The Topeka Tornado of 1966: Never Before Published Damage Photos