Toshiko Akiyoshi (秋吉 敏子 or 穐吉 敏子, Akiyoshi Toshiko, born December 12, 1929) is a Japanese-American jazz musician. She is a pianist, composer, arranger and bandleader. She has been nominated for fourteen Grammy Awards. She was the first woman to win best arranger and composer awards in DownBeat magazine's annual readers' poll. In 1996, she published her autobiography, Life with Jazz.