Treaty of Paris (1783)

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American commissioners who negotiated the treaty, in Paris. The painting was not finished, because the British commissioners refused to pose.

The Treaty of Paris was the treaty that formally ended the American Revolutionary War between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the United States of America. It was signed in Paris on September 3, 1783. The American Congress of the Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784. The British king, George III, ratified the treaty on April 9, 1784.

Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the new nation. It agreed to remove all troops from the nation and also set new borders of the United States. The United States agreed to allow British troops to leave and to pay all debts owed to Britain. They also agreed not to persecute the Tories (people loyal to the king, also known as loyalists) still in the United States and allow those who left America to return.[1]

France and Spain, allies of the United States, also signed peace treaties at the same time. France got Tobago and Senegal and some other places. Spain wanted Gibraltar but got Menorca and Florida instead. The Netherlands signed later, didn't gain or lose land, but had to allow British trade in the Dutch East Indies. Mysore continued fighting for another year but also didn't gain or lose land.

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References[change | change source]

  1. "Treaty of Paris, 1783". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2010-01-29.