The province of Bozen wanted more autonomy, because the main German-speaking community of Italy lives there. In the province of Trient, the people speak Italian. It has 339 official towns.
The most important cities are:
Province of Trento (Trentino): Trento and Rovereto
Province of Bozen (Alto Adige/Südtirol): Bolzano (de: Bozen) and Merano (de: Meran)
The majority of people in Alto Adige/Südtirol speaks German. However more Italian speakers live in the capital of Bolzano.
A tiny minority group called the Ladins lives in the Dolomites region: they speak an old Rheto-Romanic language. Words and ways of talking in this area are spread in the valleys around the Dolomites mountain group: Gardena, Badia Mareo Valley (Alto Adige/Südtirol)and Fassa Valley (Trentino). Ladin is also spoken in the town of Cortina d'Ampezzo and areas around there. The Ladin language of the Fassa Valley Ladin is more like Italian: the Ladins of this valley speak a language with a lot of Italian or Trentino style sentences.