Tungurahua

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Tungurahua
Volcán Tungurahua Riobamba - Ecuador.jpg
View from Riobamba (September 2011)
Highest point
Elevation5,023 m (16,480 ft) [1]
Prominence1,554 m (5,098 ft)
ListingUltra
Coordinates1°28′12″S 78°26′41″W / 1.4700°S 78.4447°W / -1.4700; -78.4447Coordinates: 1°28′12″S 78°26′41″W / 1.4700°S 78.4447°W / -1.4700; -78.4447[2]
Naming
English translationThroat of fire
Language of nameQuechua
Geography
LocationEcuador
Parent rangeCordillera Oriental, Andes
Topo mapIGM, CT-ÑIV-D1[3]
Geology
Age of rockHolocene (Gomez 1994)
Mountain typeStratovolcano (active)
Volcanic arc/beltNorthern Volcanic Zone
Last eruption2000 to 2018 (ongoing)[4]
Climbing
First ascent1873 by Alphons Stübel and Wilhelm Reiss
Easiest routeScrambling/Snow/Ice PD

Tungurahua, (/tʊŋɡʊˈrɑːwə/; from Quichua tunguri (throat) and rahua (fire), "Throat of Fire")[5] is an active stratovolcano located in the Cordillera Oriental of Ecuador. The volcano gives its name to the province of Tungurahua.

Volcanic activity restarted on August 19, 1999,[6] and is ongoing as of 2013, with several major eruptions since then, the last starting on 1 February 2014.[7][8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Several elevation data between 5,016 and 5,029 m are used, 5,023 m is the one used on IGM maps. Used extremes are: 5,087 m (Stübel 1897) and 5,005 m (Neate 1994).
  2. "Tungurahua". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  3. IGM (Instituto Geografico Militar, Ecuador) (1989). "Baños Ecuador, CT-ÑIV-D1". Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  4. "Tungurahua volcano". 19 Feb 2018.
  5. "In the shadow of the Tungurahua volcano". BBC News. 7 September 2006.)
  6. "Tungurahua volcano erupts in Ecuador". NBC News. 19 Aug 2012.
  7. "Ecuador's Tungurahua Volcano shoots ash and lava". Associated Press. 2014-02-01.
  8. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/25/science/mount-tambora-volcano-eruption-1815.html?_r=0 A Volcanic Eruption That Reverberates 200 Years Later