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Turkistan Islamic Party

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Turkistan Islamic Party
تۈركىستان ئىسلام پارتىيىسى
Governing bodyShura Council
Dates of operation1997–present
Group(s)Turkistan Islamic Party in Syria[4]
MotivesAn Islamic state in Xinjiang and the entire Central Asia, eventually Caliphate[5]
HeadquartersIdlib Governorate, Syria (largest operation base)
Active regions (2014–2016)
IdeologyAnti-Chinese sentiment
Sunni Islamism
Islamic fundamentalism
StatusDesignated as a terrorist organization by China, the European Union, the United Nations and multiple other governments; the ETIM is no longer designated as a terrorist organization by the United States since 2020, however the TIP is still designated as a terrorist organization. The U.S. views the TIP as separate from the ETIM.[10] (see below)
Size1,000 in Afghanistan (2022 UN report)[11]
4,000 in Syria
Opponents Islamic State - Khorasan Province[17]
Battles and wars

The East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM, also known as the Turkistan Islamic Party, Turkistan Islamic Movement, and other names); is a Waziri based mujahideen organization. Its stated goals are the independence of East Turkestan. ETIM has reportedly committed over 200 acts of terrorism between 1990 and 2001, resulting in at least 162 deaths and over 440 injuries.[18]


[change | change source]
  1. "Turkestan Islamic Party emir thought killed in 2010 reemerged to lead group in 2014". The Long War Journal. 11 June 2015. Archived from the original on 17 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  2. "TIP Leader Congratulates Attack in Hotan in Video". SITE Intel Group. 10 June 2015. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  3. MacLean, William (23 November 2013). "Islamist group calls Tiananmen attack 'jihadi operation': SITE". Reuters. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  4. Weiss, Caleb. "Turkistan Islamic Party in Syria shows more 'little jihadists'". Long War Journal. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  5. Moubayed, Sami (29 September 2015). Under the Black Flag: At the Frontier of the New Jihad. I.B.Tauris. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-0-85772-921-7. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  6. Zenn, Jacob. "An Overview of Chinese Fighters and Anti-Chinese Militant Groups in Syria and Iraq". Jamestown. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  7. Bennett-Jones, Owen (8 March 2017). "North Waziristan: What happened after militants lost the battle?". BBC News. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  8. Sarwar, Mustafa (14 February 2018). "Taliban Increasing Presence In Remote Afghan Region Bordering China". Rfe/Rl. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  9. "TIP Division in Syria Releases Video Promoting Cause, Inciting for Jihad". SITE Institute. 6 June 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
  10. O'Connor, Tom (11 September 2021). "Islamic Terrorists or Chinese Dissidents? U.S. Grapples with Uyghur Dilemma". Newsweek. Retrieved 12 March 2023.
  11. "S/2022/419". United Nations Security Council. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  12. "Turkistan Islamic Party leader criticizes the Islamic State's 'illegitimate' caliphate | FDD's Long War Journal". Longwarjournal.org. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  13. "Beijing, Kunming, Urumqi and Guangzhou: The Changing Landscape of Anti-Chinese Jihadists". Jamestown. Jamestown Foundation. 23 May 2014. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  14. "Afghanistan becomes again terrorist haven". 16 June 2022.
  15. "Chinese jihadis' rise in Syria raises concerns at home". Associated Press. 22 April 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  16. "Syrian rebels pour men and missiles into frontlines". The Fiscal Times. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  17. "Turkistan Islamic Party leader criticizes the Islamic State's 'illegitimate' caliphate".
  18. "Al-Qaida: Dead or captured". MSNBC. 22 June 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2010.