Type 90 75 mm field gun

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Type 90 75 mm field gun
Type 90 75 mm field gun
TypeField gun
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Service history
In service1932-1945
Used byWar flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svgImperial Japanese Army
WarsSecond Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Production history
No. built786
Mass1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
Barrel length2.883 metres (9 ft 6 in) L/38.4

Shell6.56 kilograms (14.5 lb)
Caliber75 mm (2.95 in)
Breechhorizontal sliding block
Carriagesplit trail
Elevation-8° to +43°
Rate of fire10-12 rpm
Muzzle velocity683 m/s (2,241 ft/s)
Maximum firing range14,960 metres (16,360 yd)

Type 90 75 mm field gun (九〇式野砲, Kyūmaru-shiki yahō) was a field gun of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).[1] It was used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.[2]

This artillery piece was planned to replace the Type 38 75 mm field gun in front line combat units. However, Type 38s continued to be used.[3]

History[change | change source]

Before World War I, the Imperial Japanese Army mainly had Krupp cannons from Germany. After the Versailles Treaty, the Japanese considered other options including field guns designed by Schneider et Cie from France.[4]

In 1931, IJA began to use the "Type 90" which was based on Schneider designs.[4]

The Type 90 was not considered successful.[5]

Combat record[change | change source]

The Type 90 75 mm field gun was used in Manchukuo. It was used against the Soviet Red Army at the Battle of Nomonhan.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. This field gun type was named "ninety" because it was ordered in 1930; and 1930 was the 2590th year since Emperor Jimmu, the first Emperor of Japan. The Japanese Imperial year was Kōki 2590 (皇紀2590年).
  2. "Model 90 75 mm field gun," US Technical Manual, pp. 222-223; retrieved 2012-2-18.
  3. Bishop, Chris. (1998). "75-mm Field Gun Type 38 (Improved)," The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, p. 142.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mayer, Sydney L. (1984). The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan, pp. 57-59.
  5. Mayer, p. 59.
  6. Coox, Alvin D. (1990). Nomonhan: Japan against Russia, 1939, Vol. 1, p. 368.

Other websites[change | change source]