Type 95 75 mm field gun

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Type 95 75 mm field gun
Type 95 75 mm field gun.jpg
Type 95 75 mm field gun
TypeField gun
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Service history
In service1936-1945
Used byWar flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerOsaka Arsenal
ManufacturerOsaka Arsenal
No. built261
Specifications
Mass1,106.6 kilograms (2,440 lb)
Barrel length2.278 metres (7 ft 6 in) L/30.67

Shell6.33 kilograms (14.0 lb)
Caliber75 mm (2.95 in)
BreechSliding wedge
RecoilHydropneumatic
Carriagesplit trail
Elevation-8° to +43°
Traverse50°
Muzzle velocity500 m/s (1,640 ft/s)
Maximum firing range10,970 meters (12,000 yd)
SightsPanoramic

The Type 95 75 mm Field Gun (九五式野砲, Kyūgo-shiki yahō) was a field gun of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).[1] It was used during World War II.[2]

This artillery piece was planned to replace the Type 38 75 mm field gun and the Type 41 75 mm cavalry gun in front line combat. However, Type 38s continued to be used.[3]

History[change | change source]

Before World War I, the Imperial Japanese Army mainly had Krupp cannons from Germany. After the Versailles Treaty, the Japanese considered other options including field guns designed by Schneider et Cie from France.[4]

In 1931, IJA began to use the "Type 90" which was based on Schneider designs; however, the Type 90 was not considered successful.[5]

The Type 95s were simpler and more sturdy than the Type 90s.

Combat record[change | change source]

Type 95s were used in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. This field gun type was named "ninety-five" because it was first built in 1935; and 1935 was the 2595th year since Emperor Jimmu, the first Emperor of Japan. The Japanese Imperial year was Kōki 2595 (皇紀2595年).
  2. "Model 95 75 mm field gun," US Technical Manual, p. 223; retrieved 2012-2-19.
  3. Bishop, Chris. (1998). "75-mm Field Gun Type 38 (Improved)," The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, p. 142.
  4. Mayer, Sydney L. (1984). The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan, pp. 57-59.
  5. Mayer, p. 59.

Other websites[change | change source]