Typhoon Francisco (2019)

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Typhoon Francisco
Typhoon (JMA scale)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Francisco making landfall in Japan
FormedAugust 1, 2019
Highest winds10-minute sustained: 130 km/h (80 mph)
1-minute sustained: 140 km/h (85 mph)
Lowest pressure970 hPa (mbar); 28.64 inHg
FatalitiesNone reported
Areas affectedJapan, Korean Peninsula
Part of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season

Typhoon Francisco was a typhoon that devastated Japan, especially Kyushu, and South Korea. It was the next typhoon after Typhoon Wutip of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season.

Meteorological History[change | change source]

Storm path

On August 1, a tropical depression formed east of the Mariana Islands and got the name 10W. The depression rapidly began intensifying while moving NW and became a tropical storm. When 10W became a tropical storm is got the name Francisco. Overtime Francisco continued intensifying while moving towards Japan. Francisco gradually strengthened over the next few days becoming a severe tropical storm with 65 mph winds and a pressure of 985. Francisco continued to move when it the Bonin Islands. The storm moved towards Japan and after 12 hours it became a typhoon. Typhoon Francisco made landfall in Japan on August 6 early in the morning. Typhoon Francisco weakened down to a tropical storm but, is said to make landfall in South Korea as well.[1] [2] [3]

Preparations and impact[change | change source]

Japan[change | change source]

In anticipation of coastal flooding, 20,020 people were evacuated from Kokuraminami-ku and Moji-ku.[4] Striking Kyushu as a typhoon, Francisco brought heavy rain and strong winds to much of the island. Rainfall accumulations exceeded 120 mm (4.7 in) in Nobeoka and 110 mm (4.3 in) in Saiki.[5] A maximum wind gust of 143 km/h (89 mph) was observed at Miyazaki Airport.[6] Two people suffered injury after being knocked over by strong winds.[4]

Korean Peninsula[change | change source]

Heavy rainfall will also be a concern across South Korea as Francisco tracks northward through Wednesday.

Busan and southeast South Korea were the first to be impacted by Francisco with nearly 75 mm (3 inches) of rain falling in less than 10 hours on Tuesday.

Rainfall of 75-150 mm (3-6 inches) is expected across the eastern half of the country with 25-75 mm (1-3 inches) in west-central locations and less than 25 mm (1 inch) in western parts of the country, including Seoul.

Francisco will remain a tropical depression as it moves into the Sea of Japan (East Sea) late Wednesday. [7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Severe Tropical Storm Francisco to hit Kyushu with violent winds and heavy rain, Japan". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. "Typhoon Francisco pelts Kyushu, leaves some injured and disrupts transportation". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  3. "Francisco to unload heavy rain on South Korea after striking Japan". Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "台風8号、九州を進行中 北九州市、2万人に避難勧告". 朝日新聞 (in Japanese). August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  5. "台風8号 九州北部を通過中 四国にも発達した雨雲". tenki.jp (in Japanese). August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  6. "Table of Hourly Weather Observations : 06 August 2019 Akae (Miyazaki Airport)". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 6, 2019. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  7. https://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/francisco-to-barrel-through-southern-japan-with-heavy-rain-strong-winds-early-this-week/70008988 Archived 2019-08-06 at the Wayback Machine Eric Leister. August 6, 2019