|Chairman||Ben Walker (interim)|
|General Secretary||Freddy Vachha (interim)|
|Founded||3 September 1993|
|Preceded by||Anti-Federalist League|
King Charles Business Park
Old Newton Road
|Youth wing||Young Independence|
|Political position||Right-wing to far-right|
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The United Kingdom Independence Party (often called UKIP, said "you-kipp") is a political party in the United Kingdom. Its policies promote conservatism, national conservatism, and Euroscepticism. Their main policy is for the UK to leave the European Union.
The party was founded in 1993, and they first won seats in the European Parliament in 1999. They won 3 seats in 1999, which was increased to 12 in 2004 and 13 in 2009. It is now 9. The party does not do well under Britain's 'First-past-the-post' system of elections and only has one seat in the British House of Commons, although they received 3.8 million votes (12.6% of the total vote) at the 2015 UK general election.
Supporters of UKIP mostly believe in the following things:
- - The United Kingdom should leave the European Union.
- - There should be more referendums on certain issues.
- - British people should not have to carry ID cards.
In 2008 UKIP banned people who used to be members of the British National Party (BNP) from joining.
May 2014 local elections[change | change source]
2015 general election[change | change source]
UKIP came third in the May 2015 general election, after the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. The party got 12.9% of the vote and gained one seat.
2017 general election[change | change source]
In the 2017 general election, UKIP's share of the vote went down to 1.8 and they didn't win any seats. The next day UKIP's leader Paul Nuttall resigned.
Current members[change | change source]
There are currently over 20,000 people who are members of the UKIP.
Gerard Batten becomes leader (2018)[change | change source]
In February 2018 Gerard Batten become leader of the party firstly on an interim basis before winning the UKIP leadership election in April 2018 unopposed.
2018 UK local elections[change | change source]
In the 2018 UK local elections UKIP lost 124 of the 126 seats it was defending, and gained a single seat in Derby.
Accusations of embracing the far-right[change | change source]
Since the election of Batten as leader of the party there have been accusations that UKIP is embracing the far-right. Those saying the party was moving to the right began early in Battern's leadership when he began to focus the party around rejecting Islamic ideology and when a quote arose of Battern calling Islam a "death cult". In September 2018 Battern was also criticised for attending an anti-Muslim rally in Sunderland. These accusations grew much stronger after the far-right activist Tommy Robinson was appointed an advisor to Battern in November 2018. This led to many of UKIP's MEPs and former party leaders Nigel Farage and Paul Nuttall to leave the party, as well as the party's leader in Scotland.
Sources[change | change source]
- "View registration - the Electoral Commission".
- Loft, Philip; Dempsey, Noel; Audickas, Lukas (9 August 2019). "Membership of UK political parties". parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Lynch, Whitaker & Loomes 2012, p. 733 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFLynchWhitakerLoomes2012 (help); Tournier-Sol 2015, pp. 141–42 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFTournier-Sol2015 (help).
- Abedi & Lundberg 2009, p. 72 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFAbediLundberg2009 (help); Jones 2011, p. 245 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFJones2011 (help); Dolezal 2012, p. 142 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFDolezal2012 (help); Liebert 2012, p. 123 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFLiebert2012 (help); Art 2011, p. 188 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFArt2011 (help); Driver 2011, p. 149 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFDriver2011 (help).
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "United Kingdom". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "Key Points About a Snap Election in Britain". New York Times. 18 April 2018.
- Schindler, Jörg (16 May 2019). "'We Want Fundamental Political Change'". Spiegel. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Walker, Peter; Halliday, Josh (3 March 2019). "Revealed: Ukip membership surge shifts party to far right". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Goodwin, Matthew (3 February 2019). "Angry Brexiteers are splitting into factions as Ukip is taken over by far-right extremists". The Times. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Tournier-Sol 2015, p. 147. sfn error: no target: CITEREFTournier-Sol2015 (help)
- "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Data UK. 23 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "UKIP win gives party first elected MP". BBC News. 10 October 2014.
- "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP". BBC News. 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- Robinson, Nick (23 May 2014). "The UKIP earthquake - first tremors". BBC News.
- Erlanger, Steven; Castle, Stephen (23 May 2014). "Britain's Discontent Lifts Populist Party to Even Stronger Vote Tally Than Expected". The New York Times.
- UKIP confirms Gerard Batten as new leader. SKY news. Published 14 April 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "England local elections 2018". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Ukip leader plans to move party towards hard right. The Guardian. Author - Peter Walker. Published 1 May 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Ukip faces 'utter marginalisation' if it embraces far right politics, Nigel Farage warns. The Independent. Auhtor - Thomas Hornall. Published 20 September 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Ukip returns to infighting after Tommy Robinson appointment. The Guardian. Authors - Peter Walker and Simon Murphy. Published 23 November 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Former leader Nigel Farage quits UKIP. BBC News. Published 4 December 2018. Retrieved 12 Decemebr 2018.
- Paul Nuttall quits: Second former UKIP leader resigns from party along with Scottish MEP David Coburn as Tommy Robinson row continues. Evening Standard. Author - Jacob Jarvis. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Ex-UKIP leader Paul Nuttall quits party over Tommy Robinson role. SKY news. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- UKIP: Scottish leader David Coburn quits over 'extremism'. BBC News. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.