USS Colorado (1856)

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USS Colorado
USS Colorado, 1871.jpg
USS Colorado
History
United States
Name: Colorado
Namesake: Colorado River
Builder: Norfolk Navy Yard
Laid down: 1856
Launched: 19 June 1856
Sponsored by: Ms. N. S. Dornin
Commissioned: 13 March 1858
Decommissioned: 8 June 1876
Fate: Sold, 18 February 1885
General characteristics
Class and type: none
Type: Screw frigate
Displacement: 3,425 long tons (3,480 t)
Length: 263 ft 8 in (80.37 m)
Beam: 52 ft 6 in (16.00 m)
Draft: 22 ft 1 in (6.73 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Sail plan: Three masts
Speed:kn (10 mph; 17 km/h)
Complement: 674 officers and men[1]
Armament:
  • 2 × 10 in (250 mm) guns
  • 28 × 9 in (230 mm) guns
  • 14 × 8 in (200 mm) guns
General characteristics 1864
Class and type: none
Armament:
  • 1 × 150–pounder rifle
  • 1 × 11 in (280 mm) smoothbore guns
  • 46 × 9 in (230 mm) smoothbore guns
  • 4 × 12–pounder howitzers [1]
General characteristics 1871
Class and type: none
Armament:
  • 2 × 100–Pounder rifles
  • 1 × 11 in (280 mm) smoothbore guns
  • 42 × 9 in (230 mm) smoothbore guns
  • 2 × 20–Pounder howitzers
  • 6 × 12–Pounder howitzers [1]

The first USS Colorado was a 3,400 long tons (3,500 t)-class, three-masted[2] steam screw frigate. It was launched on 19 June 1856 by the Norfolk Navy Yard. It was sponsored by Ms. N. S. Dornin and commissioned on 13 March 1858. Captain W. H. Gardner was in command.

Pre-Civil War[change | change source]

Colorado put to sea from Boston on 12 May 1858. It then cruised into Cuban waters to stop the practice of search by British cruisers until 6 August. She then returned to Boston and was placed in ordinary until 1861.

Prizes[change | change source]

Date[1] Prize Name[1] Gross Proceeds Costs and Expenses Amount for Distribution Where Adjudicated Sent to 4th Auditor for Distribution Vessels Entitled to Share
13 Sep 1861 Judith destroyed [1]
6 May 1862 Lewis Whitmore

Decommissioned[change | change source]

Returning to New York on 30 May 1876, Colorado was placed out of commission on 8 June. From 1876-1884, she was used as a Receiving Ship at New York Navy Yard. She was sold on 14 February 1885 to a private company; and broken up for salvage material and burned for her copper fastenings.[2]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Silverstone, Warships, p. 29.
  2. 2.0 2.1 USS Colorado Home Page

References[change | change source]

  • This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
  • Silverstone, Paul H. Warships of the Civil War Navies Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-783-6.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to USS Colorado (ship, 1856) at Wikimedia Commons