Uchiwa is a traditional Japanese fan. It is often used by a person to create a breeze to keep cool in hot weather. They are part of Japanese seasonal traditions and are often given as gifts at these times. Originally, a big leaf and an animal hair were used as uchiwa. The purpose is to purify and pray. Over time they have changed, and are now made from bamboo and paper. There are many kinds of pattern; during the Han Dynasty they were often decorated by famous calligraphers. During the Edo period they were made as souvenirs for shrines. During the Meiji period they got high evaluation and imported foreign countries.
History[change | change source]
Most oldest uchiwa can be seen in the recording of ancient China, the wall painting of Ancient Egypt. Middle Ages, uchiwa is used as a tool of the state in the people. The end of Kōan (Muromachi period) period, uchiwa made from bamboo and paper.
Function[change | change source]
General function is to fan cooking and to keep cool. Some people use to purify disease. Then, uchiwa is almost use to the dance of the summer festival.