From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Uchiwa, also known as round silk fan, is a traditional Japanese fan.[1] It is often used to create a breeze to keep cool in hot weather. They are part of Chinese seasonal traditions and are often given as gifts during these times. Originally, circular fan were made from big leaves and animal hair. The purpose was to purify and pray. Over time they have changed, and are now made from bamboo and paper. There are many kinds of pattern; during the Han Dynasty they were often decorated by famous calligraphers.[2] During the Edo period they were made as souvenirs for shrines.[2] During the Meiji period they were admired by foreigners and imported to other countries. The uchiwa fan subsequently spread to other parts of Asia, including Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and Sri Lanka, and such fans are still used by Buddhist monks as "ceremonial fans".[3]

History[change | change source]

The oldest uchiwa can be seen in the records of ancient China, as well as the wall paintings of Ancient Egypt.[source?] By the end of the Kōan (Muromachi period) period, uchiwa was made from bamboo and paper.

Function[change | change source]

Uchiwa is used to fan cooking and to keep cool. Some people use it to purify disease. Uchiwa is almost always used in summer festival dances.[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric et al. (2005). "Uchiwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 738., p. 1006, at Google Books
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Jaanus uchiwa 团扇". aisf.or.jp. 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  3. "Buddhist Monks Ceremonial Fans". Thebuddhasface.co.uk. Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved 2017-10-27.