|Republic of Uganda
Jamhuri ya Uganda
|Motto: For God and My Country|
|Anthem: "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"|
and largest city
|Official languages||English, Swahili|
|Vernacular languages||Luganda, Luo, Runyankore, Runyoro, Ateso, Lumasaba, Lusoga, Samia, Swahili|
|Ethnic groups (2002)||Baganda 16.9%
|-||Prime Minister||Ruhakana Rugunda|
|-||from the United Kingdom||9 October 1962|
|-||Total||236,040 km2 (81st)
91,136 sq mi
|-||2009 estimate||32,369,558 (37th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
|HDI (2010)|| 0.422
low · 143rd
|Currency||Ugandan shilling (UGX)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||left|
1 006 from Kenya and Tanzania.
The currency is the Ugandan Shilling. The official languages of Uganda are English and Swahili. The most common religion is Christianity. The President of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. The country is to the East of Africa. The population of Uganda is 32 million people. The area of Uganda is about 236,040 km2.
The literacy rate of Uganda is 68%, which mean people in Uganda who are at least 15 years old know how to read and write.
Uganda is among countries thought to be very corrupt by Transparency International. It is rated at 2.4 on a scale from 0 (the most corrupt) to 10 (the most clean). Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world. 37.7 percent of the people live on less than $1.25 a day.
History[change | change source]
Geography[change | change source]
Uganda is almost completely in the Nile basin. At the centre of the country is Lake Kyoga. Although landlocked, Uganda has many large lakes. Besides Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, there are Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the smaller Lake George. Most important cities are in the south, near Lake Victoria, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.
The climate is mostly equatorial. But it is not the same everywhere because there are some changes in altitude. The difference in altitude changes the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and in the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season slowly emerges. At Gulu about 120 km from the South Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.
Cities[change | change source]
The largest cities in Uganda are: