Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
|Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка
Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! (Ukrainian)
Proletari vsikh krayin, yednaitesia! (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Державний гімн Української Радянської Соціалістичної Республіки (Ukrainian)
Derzhavnyy himn Ukrayins'koyi Radyans'koyi Sotsialistychnoyi Respubliky (transliteration)
"National Anthem of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic"
|Head of party|
|- 1918–1919||Emanuel Kviring (first)|
|- 1990–1991||Stanislav Hurenko (last)|
|Head of government|
|- 1919–1923||Christian Rakovsky (first)|
|- 1988–1991||Vitold Fokin (last)|
|Head of state|
|- 1919–1938||Grigory Petrovsky (first)|
|- 1990–1991||Leonid Kravchuk (last)|
|Historical era||Russian Civil War, WWII, Cold War|
|- Republic declared||10 March 1919|
|- Admitted to USSR||30 December 1922|
|- Annexation of Western Ukraine||15 November 1939|
|- UN Membership||24 October 1945|
|- Independence Act||24 August 1991|
|- Formalised||25 December 1991|
|- 1989 census||603,700 km2 (233,090 sq mi)|
|- 1989 census est.||51,706,746|
|Density||85.6 /km2 (221.8 /sq mi)|
|Medals: Order of Lenin Four Hero cities|
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was in the southwestern part of the Soviet Union. It had the second largest population of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. This lasted from 1922 to 1991.
The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations. It did not really have much power because it was tightly controlled by Moscow authorities. When the Soviet Union broke apart, the Ukrainian SSR became Ukraine.
During its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times. The eastern city of Kharkiv was the republic's first capital. However, in 1934, it was moved to the city of Kiev. Kiev is still the capital of Ukraine.
References[change | change source]
- "History" (in Ukrainian). Kharkiv Oblast Government Administration. http://kharkivoda.gov.ua/uk/article/view/id/4/. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- (in Ukrainian) Soviet Encyclopedia of the History of Ukraine. Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. 1969-1972.
- Language Policy in the Soviet Union by Lenore Grenoble, Springer Science+Business Media, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4020-1298-3
- "Activities of the Member States - Ukraine". United Nations. http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/ukraine.shtml. Retrieved 2011-01-17.