Umar

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Umar
Umar.png
Islamic Empire During The Reign
Mohammad adil rais-Caliph Umar's empire at its peak 644.PNG
Commander of the Faithful
(Amir al-Mu'minin)
Full Name'Umar bin al-Khattab
(عمر ابن الخطاب)
Reign23 August 634 – November 7 644
Bornc.586-590
BirthplaceMecca, Arabia
Died7 November 644
DeathplaceMedina, Arabia
Place of BurialAl-Masjid al-Nabawi, Madinah
PredecessorAbu Bakr
SuccessorUthman
FatherKhattab ibn Nufayl
MotherHantamah binti Hisham ibn al-Mugheerah
Brother(s)Zayd ibn al-Khattab
Sister(s)Fatimah bint al-Khattab
Spouse(s)• Zaynab bint Mazh'un
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
• Quraybah bint Abi Umayyah al-Makhzumi
• Umm Hakim bint al-Harith ibn Hisham
Jamilah bint Ashim ibn Thabit ibn Abi al-Aqlah
• Atikah bint Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nifayl
• Luhyah
• Fukayhah
Son(s)`Abd Allah ibn `Umar
• 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn 'Umar
• 'Ubaid Allah ibn 'Umar
• Zayd ibn 'Umar
Asim ibn Umar
• Iyaad ibn 'Umar
• 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn 'Umar
• Az-Zubayr ibn Bakkar (Abu Shahmah)
Daughter(s)Hafsa bint 'Umar
• Fatima bint 'Umar
• Zaynab bint 'Umar
DescendantsFarooqui
Other TitlesAl-Farooq ("Distinguisher between truth and false")
Amir al-Mo`mineen ("Commander of the Faithful)

Umar (c. 581-83 CE– 7 November, 644), also known as Umar the Great or Omar the Great was a Muslim from the Banu Adi clan. He was a disciple of the Muslim prophet Muhammad and the second Caliph of Islam.[1][2] He was great caliph of Islam and his life was inspiration for many Muslims.

Mahatma Gandhi said that if India finds a man like Omar ibn Khatab all the problems will be solved. Mahatma Gandhi once said “I can not give you the reference of Ram Chandar or Krishna, because they were not historical figures. I can not help it but to present to you the names of Abu Bakar and Umar Farooq. They were leaders of a vast Empire, yet they lived a life of austerity.”

References[change | change source]

  1. Ahmed, Nazeer, Islam in Global History: From the Death of Prophet Muhammad to the First World War, American Institute of Islamic History and Cul, 2001, p. 34. ISBN 0-7388-5963-X.
  2. ^ Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Ahmad ibn Ali. Lisan Ul-Mizan: *Umar bin al-Khattab al-Adiyy.