United Airlines Flight 93
|Suicide hijacking summary|
|Date||Tuesday, September 11, 2001|
|Place||Field near the Diamond T. Mine, a coal strip mine near Stonycreek Township,
Somerset County, Pennsylvania
|Passengers||33 plus 4 hijackers|
|Fatalities||40 plus 4 hijackers|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 757–222|
|Flew from||Newark Int'l Airport (now Newark Liberty Int'l Airport)|
|Flying to||San Francisco Int'l Airport|
United Airlines Flight 93 was an airline flight that, on September 11, 2001, was hijacked and crashed on purpose. On that day, the flight was to fly from Newark International Airport (later renamed Newark Liberty International Airport), in Newark, New Jersey, USA to San Francisco International Airport.
The aircraft was hijacked by four men as part of the al-Qaeda organized attack on the United States on September 11, 2001. Soon after the flight took off, the hijackers entered the cockpit and overpowered the pilots. They took control of the aircraft and flew it toward Washington, D.C. Several passengers and crew members made telephone calls aboard the flight and learned about the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The passengers then decided to attack the hijackers and retake the aircraft.
The hijackers crashed the plane in a field to prevent the passengers from succeeding in breaching the cockpit door just outside Shanksville, Pennsylvania, about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., killing all crew members and passengers. An investigation determined that the actions of the passengers on board had prevented the hijackers from reaching the Washington, D.C.
Flight[change | change source]
On September 11, 2001, United Airlines flight 93 was a scheduled morning flight from Boston to Los Angeles. The aircraft for the flight was a Boeing 757. The aircraft could carry 182 passengers; but the flight had 37 passengers and 7 crew members, which was low.
Hijackers[change | change source]
The hijackers were led by Ziad Jarrah, a member of al-Qaeda. Jarrah was born in Lebanon. He moved to Germany in 1996, enrolling at the University of Greifswald to study German. A year later, he moved to Hamburg, Germany and began studying aeronautical engineering at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences. While living in Hamburg, Jarrah associated with a radical Hamburg cell of terrorists.
In November 1999, Jarrah left for Afghanistan, where he spent three months. In Afghanistan in January 2000, he met with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. Jarrah returned to Germany at the end of January and obtained a new passport with no Afghan passport stamps in February by falsely reporting his passport as stolen.
Four other hijackers were trained to physically fight with the crew. Three of them accompanied Jarrah on Flight 93. They were Ahmed al-Nami, Hamza al-Ghamdi and Mohand al-Shehri].
On August 3, 2001, the intended fifth hijacker, Mohammed al-Qahtani, flew to Orlando, Florida, USA from Dubai. He was questioned by officials, who did not believe that he could support himself with only $2,800 cash, and suspicious that he intended to become an illegal immigrant because he was using a one-way ticket. He was sent back to Dubai, and later returned to Saudi Arabia.
References[change | change source]
- "Staff Report – "We Have Some Planes": The Four Flights – a Chronology" (PDF). National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. https://web.archive.org/20110812073107/http://www.archives.gov:80/research/9-11/staff-report.pdf. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Yardley, Jonathan (May 1, 2005). "The 9/11 Hijackers". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/04/28/AR2005042801315_pf.html. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "The Story of Ziad Jarrah". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 19, 2005. http://www.cbc.ca/fifth/thepilot/story.html. Retrieved August 24, 2008.[dead link]
- "Hamburg cell reveals details". CNN. September 18, 2001. Archived from the original on January 23, 2009. https://web.archive.org/20090123143601/http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/09/18/inv.hamburg.suspects/index.html. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
- Freedberg, Sydney P (October 14, 2001). "He seemed like such a nice boy". St. Petersburg Times. http://www.sptimes.com/News/101401/Worldandnation/He_seemed_like_such_a.shtml. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Fouda, Yosri and Nick Fielding (2003). Masterminds of Terror: The Truth Behind the Most Devastating Terrorist Attack. Arcane Publishing. p. 128.
- Popkin, Jim (October 1, 2006). "Video showing Atta, bin Laden is unearthed". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15082633/. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Al Qaeda Aims at the American Homeland". 9/11 Commission Report. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. 2004. http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/911/report/911Report_Ch5.htm. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
- Fouda, Yosri and Nick Fielding (2003). Masterminds of Terror: The Truth Behind the Most Devastating Terrorist Attack. Arcane Publishing. p. 130.
- "Chronology" (PDF). Monograph on 9/11 and Terrorist Travel. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. p. 40. http://www.9-11commission.gov/staff_statements/911_TerrTrav_Ch2.pdf. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
- Candiotti, Susann (September 19, 2001). "FBI returns to suspected hijacker's gym". CNN. Archived from the original on January 23, 2009. https://web.archive.org/20090123143413/http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/09/19/inv.fbi.gym/index.html. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
- Meek, James Gordon (January 29, 2004). "'I'll be back,' foiled hijacker told agent". Daily News. Archived from the original on January 29, 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20040129023620/http://nydailynews.com/front/story/158769p-139223c.html.
Other websites[change | change source]
- United Airlines Flight 93 Brief summary, as well as complete victim list