United States Navy

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The United States Navy is part of the United States Armed Forces (the military of the USA). It is the largest navy in the world, with the estimated tonnage of its active battle fleet alone exceeding the next 13 navies combined, including 11 U.S. allies or partner nations.[1][2][3][4] It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage,[1][5] and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction, and five other carriers planned. With 336,978 personnel on active duty and 101,583 in the Ready Reserve, the U.S. Navy is the third largest of the U.S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 290 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of June 2019.[6]

History[change | change source]

The Navy looking for slaves using a newspaper ad

The navy was called the Continental Navy from 1775 until Congress disbanded it and sold the ships in 1785. It was started again as the Department of the Navy on April 30, 1798. The Department of the Navy needed places to make ships, which are called shipyards. So it paid slaveowners to borrow their slaves, then forced the slaves to build and run the shipyards in Washington, D.C.,[7] Norfolk, Virginia,[8] and Pensacola, Florida.[9]

Sailors[change | change source]

Today, the US Navy has over 300,000 sailors and officers, and almost another 100,000 workers who are not official sailors. [10]

Strength[change | change source]

The US Navy has about 300 warships, or ships designed for fighting.[10] The largest warships are aircraft carriers, which have large and flat decks that act as small airports for planes carrying weapons. The US Navy has more of these aircraft carriers than any other navy in the world, and a large number of planes in Naval Aviation. Aircraft carriers are often protected by smaller ships, called cruisers or destroyers. [11]

Ranks[change | change source]

Rank Title notes
Enlisted Ranks
E-1 recruit These ranks are divided into four groups:Seaman, Airman, Constructionman, and Fireman. The rank uses both the group and the title. For example, an E-2 (apprentice) who is a Seaman is a Seaman Apprentice. An E-3 just uses Seaman, Airman, Constructionman, or Fireman.
E-2 apprentice
E-3 Seaman, Fireman, Constructionman, or Airman
E-4 Petty Officer 3rd class Petty Officers are more commonly referred to by their speciality ("rate") and class. For example, a Electronics Technician (ET) who is an E-5 is called an Electronics Technician 2nd class (ET2)
E-5 Petty Officer 2nd class
E-6 Petty Officer 1st class
E-7 Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty officers are referred to commonly by their level as chief (Chief, Senior Chief, or Master Chief) and officially by their level and rate (Chief Electronics Technician - ETC, Senior Chief Electronics Technician - ETCS, Master Chief Electronics Technician - ETCM)
E-8 Senior Chief Petty Officer
E-9 Master Chief Petty Officer
E-10 Master Chief Petty Officer
   of the Navy
There is only one Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy at a time.
Officer Ranks
O-1 Ensign  
O-2 Lieutenant Junior Grade Commonly just called Lieutenant. Sometimes Lieutenant JG is used
O-3 Lieutenant  
O-4 Lieutenant Commander  
O-5 Commander  
O-6 Captain Same as the rank of Commodore in many other navies
O-7 Rear Admiral There are two ranks of Rear Admiral. While both are called the same, O-7 is Rear Admiral lower half. Lower half is only used when being very official.
O-8 Rear Admiral
O-9 Vice Admiral  
O-10 Admiral The rank of Fleet Admiral also O-10 but is only used at times of war

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "The Russian Navy is aiming to be much larger than The US Navy". Business Insider. 24 September 2014. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  2. "Carl Lavo: The gigantic advantage the U.S. Navy has over all others". carllavo.blogspot.de. 9 March 2015. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  3. "If More Money Buys a Smaller Fleet, What Will Less Money Buy?". Time. 3 December 2012. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  4. "Speech View". defense.gov. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  5. Gates, Robert M. (January–February 2009). "A Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age". Foreign Affairs. Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  6. "The U.S. Navy". U.S. Navy. 23 August 2019. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  7. Arnebeck, Bob (2014). Slave Labor in the Capital: Building Washington's Iconic Federal Landmarks. History Press. ISBN 978-1-62619-721-3.
  8. COLLISON, Gary Lee (2009-06-30). Shadrach Minkins. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02979-8.
  9. Clavin, Matthew J. (2015-10-12). Aiming for Pensacola. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-08825-2.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "The U.S. Navy". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  11. "US Navy Ships". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2020-07-22.