United States Secretary of Agriculture

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United States Secretary of Agriculture
Seal of the United States Department of Agriculture.svg
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Secretary of Agriculture.svg
Flag of the Secretary
20210427-OSEC-TEW-001 Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack (51148817903).jpg
Incumbent
Tom Vilsack

since February 24, 2021
United States Department of Agriculture
StyleMr. Secretary
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatJamie L. Whitten Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument7 U.S.C. § 2202
FormationFebruary 15, 1889
First holderNorman Jay Coleman
SuccessionNinth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Agriculture
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level I
Websitewww.usda.gov

The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the United States Department of Agriculture. The position carries similar responsibilities to agriculture ministers of other governments.[2]

Secretaries of Agriculture[change | change source]

The following is a list of Secretaries of Agriculture, since the creation of the office in 1889.[3]

United States Commissioners of Agriculture
No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 Newton seated Isaac Newton Pennsylvania July 1, 1862 June 19, 1867 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
2 Horace Capron.jpg Horace Capron December 4, 1867 July 31, 1871
Ulysses S. Grant
3 Frederick Watts Pennsylvania August 1, 1871 1877
4 William G. LeDuc.jpg William Gates LeDuc Minnesota July 1, 1877 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
5 George B. Loring - Brady-Handy.jpg George B. Loring Massachusetts July 1, 1881 1885 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
6 NJColman.jpg Norman Jay Coleman Missouri April 3, 1885 February 14, 1889 Grover Cleveland

The position of secretary of agriculture was created when the department was elevated to Cabinet status in 1889. The following is a list of secretaries of agriculture, since the creation of the office in 1889.[4]

Parties

  Democratic (14)   Republican (18)

Status

  Acting Secretary of Agriculture

  Nominee for Secretary of Agriculture

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 NJColman.jpg Norman Jay Coleman Missouri February 15, 1889 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
2 Jeremiah McLain Rusk - Brady-Handy.jpg Jeremiah McLain Rusk Wisconsin March 6, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
3 J. Sterling Morton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left.jpg Julius Sterling Morton Nebraska March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
4 James Wilson(U.S. politician)-seated.jpg James Wilson Iowa March 5, 1897 March 3, 1913 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
5 DFHouston.jpg David F. Houston Missouri March 6, 1913 February 2, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
6 E.T. Meredith, ggbain.16011u.jpg Edwin T. Meredith Iowa February 2, 1920 March 4, 1921
7 Henry Cantwell Wallace.jpg Henry Cantwell Wallace Iowa March 5, 1921 October 25, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
8 Howard Mason Gore.jpg Howard Mason Gore West Virginia November 22, 1924 March 4, 1925
9 W.M. Jardine.jpg William Marion Jardine Kansas March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
10 Arthur M. Hyde.jpg Arthur M. Hyde Missouri March 6, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
11 Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend.jpeg Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 4, 1933 September 4, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
12 CRW2.jpg Claude R. Wickard Indiana September 5, 1940 June 29, 1945
Harry S. Truman
13 Clinton P. Anderson, 13th Secretary of Agriculture, June 1945 - May 1948. - Flickr - USDAgov.jpg Clinton Presba Anderson New Mexico June 30, 1945 May 10, 1948
14 Charles F. Brannan.jpg Charles F. Brannan Colorado June 2, 1948 January 20, 1953
15 Ezra Taft Benson - USDA portrait.gif Ezra Taft Benson Utah January 21, 1953 January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
16 Orville L. Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture (1961-1969).jpg Orville Freeman Minnesota January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
17 Clifford Morris Hardin - USDA portrait.png Clifford M. Hardin Nebraska January 21, 1969 November 17, 1971 Richard Nixon
18 Earl Lauer Butz - USDA portrait.png Earl Butz Indiana December 2, 1971 October 4, 1976
Gerald Ford
19 John Albert Knebel - USDA portrait.png John Albert Knebel Oklahoma November 4, 1976 January 20, 1977
20 Robert Bergland - USDA portrait.jpg Robert Bergland Minnesota January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
21 John Block.jpg John Rusling Block Illinois January 23, 1981 February 14, 1986 Ronald Reagan
22 Richard E. Lyng, 22nd Secretary of Agriculture, March 1986 - January 1989. - Flickr - USDAgov.jpg Richard Edmund Lyng California March 7, 1986 January 21, 1989
23 Clayton Yeutter (cropped).jpg Clayton Keith Yeutter Nebraska February 16, 1989 March 1, 1991 George H. W. Bush
24 Edward R. Madigan (cropped).jpg Edward Rell Madigan Illinois March 8, 1991 January 20, 1993
25 Mike Espy (cropped).jpg Mike Espy Mississippi January 22, 1993 December 31, 1994 Bill Clinton
Rominger Official USDA Portrait.jpg Richard Rominger
Acting
California December 31, 1994 March 30, 1995
26 Dan glickman.jpg Dan Glickman Kansas March 30, 1995 January 20, 2001
27 Ann Veneman (cropped).jpg Ann Veneman California January 20, 2001 January 20, 2005 George W. Bush
28 Mike Johanns.jpg Mike Johanns Nebraska January 21, 2005 September 20, 2007
Charles F. Conner, official USDA photo portrait.jpg Charles F. Conner
Acting
Indiana September 20, 2007 January 28, 2008
29 SchaferEd-official (cropped).jpg Ed Schafer North Dakota January 28, 2008 January 20, 2009
30 Tom Vilsack, official USDA portrait (cropped).jpg Tom Vilsack Iowa January 20, 2009 January 13, 2017 Barack Obama
Michael T. Scuse official portrait (cropped).jpg Michael Scuse
Acting
Delaware January 13, 2017 January 20, 2017
Michael Young 20170216-DM-RBN-7992 (32557392300).jpg Mike Young
Acting
January 20, 2017 April 25, 2017 Donald Trump
31 Sonny Perdue headshot.jpg Sonny Perdue Georgia April 25, 2017 January 20, 2021
Kevin Shea US Dept of Agriculture.jpg Kevin Shea
Acting
January 20, 2021 February 23, 2021 Joe Biden
32 20210427-OSEC-TEW-001 Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack (51148817903).jpg Tom Vilsack Iowa February 24, 2021 Incumbent

References[change | change source]

  1. "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". LII / Legal Information Institute.
  2. "Former Secretaries". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
  3. "Former Secretaries". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
  4. "Former Secretaries". U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2018-10-26.