United States of Africa

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All African states are members of the African Union.

The United States of Africa is a hypothetical plan for a federation of some or all of the 55 sovereign states on the continent of Africa. The concept takes its origin from Marcus Garvey's 1924 poem "Hail, United States of Africa".[1][2]

Key supporters of the plan were Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. In February 2009, upon being elected chairman of the 53-nation African Union, Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: "I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa."[3] After Gaddafi's death, Mugabe expressed interest.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Ambitious plan for a new Africa: Welcome to the U.S.A (that's the United States of Africa)". The Independent. 30 June 2007. Retrieved 2009-04-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Thabo Mbeki (9 July 2002). "Launch of the African Union, 9 July 2002: Address by the chairperson of the AU, President Thabo Mbeki". ABSA Stadium, Durban, South Africa: africa-union.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2002. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Gaddafi vows to push Africa unity". BBC. 2 Feb 2009.
  4. Smith, David (21 January 2013). "Mugabe revives Gaddafi's United States of Africa dream". Retrieved 25 June 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)