2020 United States presidential election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2020 United States presidential election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
  Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg Joe Biden 2013.jpg
Nominee Donald Trump Joe Biden
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Florida[1] Delaware
Running mate Mike Pence TBD

2020 United States presidential election in California2020 United States presidential election in Oregon2020 United States presidential election in Washington (state)2020 United States presidential election in Idaho2020 United States presidential election in Nevada2020 United States presidential election in Utah2020 United States presidential election in Arizona2020 United States presidential election in Montana2020 United States presidential election in Wyoming2020 United States presidential election in Colorado2020 United States presidential election in New Mexico2020 United States presidential election in North Dakota2020 United States presidential election in South Dakota2020 United States presidential election in Nebraska2020 United States presidential election in Kansas2020 United States presidential election in Oklahoma2020 United States presidential election in Texas2020 United States presidential election in Minnesota2020 United States presidential election in Iowa2020 United States presidential election in Missouri2020 United States presidential election in Arkansas2020 United States presidential election in Louisiana2020 United States presidential election in Wisconsin2020 United States presidential election in Illinois2020 United States presidential election in Michigan2020 United States presidential election in Indiana2020 United States presidential election in Ohio2020 United States presidential election in Kentucky2020 United States presidential election in Tennessee2020 United States presidential election in Mississippi2020 United States presidential election in Alabama2020 United States presidential election in Georgia2020 United States presidential election in Florida2020 United States presidential election in South Carolina2020 United States presidential election in North Carolina2020 United States presidential election in Virginia2020 United States presidential election in West Virginia2020 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2020 United States presidential election in Maryland2020 United States presidential election in Delaware2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania2020 United States presidential election in New Jersey2020 United States presidential election in New York2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut2020 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2020 United States presidential election in Vermont2020 United States presidential election in New Hampshire2020 United States presidential election in Maine2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2020 United States presidential election in Hawaii2020 United States presidential election in Alaska2020 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2020 United States presidential election in Maryland2020 United States presidential election in Delaware2020 United States presidential election in New Jersey2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut2020 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2020 United States presidential election in Vermont2020 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege2020.svg
About this image
The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census.

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican



The United States presidential election, 2020 will take place on November 3, 2020. Voters will select presidential electors who will then vote on December 14, 2020[2] to either elect a new President and Vice President or re-elect the incumbents. The winners of the 2020 election will be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

Donald Trump, the 45th and current President, launched a reelection campaign for the Republican primaries; several state Republican Party organizations have cancelled their primaries in a show of support for his candidacy.[3] He became the presumptive nominee in March 2020.

27 major candidates launched campaigns for the Democratic nomination, which became the largest field of candidates for any political party in the modern-day American politics. In April 2020, former Vice President Joe Biden became the presumptive nominee after beating Senator Bernie Sanders.

Background[change | change source]

The 2020 U.S. presidential election will be the first time all members of the millennial generation will be able to vote. The age group of what will then be persons in the 18 to 45-year-old area will represent 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It has also been estimated that 1/5 percent of eligible voters in the 2020 U.S. presidential election will be Hispanic.

The United States House of Representatives voted to impeach President Donald Trump on December 18, 2019, making him the third president in American history to be impeached.[4] He was acquitted by the United States Senate on February 5, 2020.[5]

Republican Party[change | change source]

Nominees[change | change source]

Republican Party (United States)
2020 Republican Party ticket
Donald Trump Mike Pence
for President for Vice President
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
Mike Pence official Vice Presidential portrait.jpg
President of the United States
(2017-present)
Vice President of the United States
(2017-present)
Campaign
TrumpPenceKAG.png

Other candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by state ballot access
Bill Weld Joe Walsh Rocky De La Fuente Zoltan Istvan Mark Sanford
William Weld in 2016.jpg
Congressman Joe Walsh, Nationally Syndicated Radio Host (cropped).jpg
Roque De La Fuente (cropped).jpg
Zoltan Istvan public profile photo (cropped).jpg
Mark Sanford (12370) (cropped).jpg
2016 Libertarian vice presidential nominee
68th Governor of Massachusetts
(1991–1997)
U.S. Representative from Illinois
(2011–2013)
Businessman
Reform nominee for President in 2016
Transhumanist U.S. Representative from South Carolina
(1995–2001, 2013–2019)
68th Governor
(1998–2002)
Bill Weld campaign 2020.png
Campaign
FEC filing[6]
Joe Walsh 2020 Logo-black.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[7]
Rocky De La Fuente 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[8]
FEC filing[9] Mark Sanford 5a113753.png
Campaign
FEC filing[10]
Exploratory Committee: February 15, 2019
Announced: April 15, 2019
Suspended: March 18, 2020
Announced: August 25, 2019
Suspended: February 7, 2020
Endorsed Joe Biden (Democrat)[11]
Announced: May 16, 2019 Announced: November 18, 2019
Suspended: March 12, 2020
Announced: September 8, 2019
Suspended: November 12, 2019
1 delegate
286,564 votes
169,713 votes 73,119 votes 14,291 votes 4,258 votes
[12][13] [14][15] [16] [17][18] [19][20]

Convention site[change | change source]

On July 20, 2018, the Republican National Convention chose Charlotte, North Carolina as the site for their 2020 national convention. The convention will be held between August 24 to 27.[21] In June 2020, the convention location was moved to Jacksonville, Florida over COVID-19 health measures.

National polling[change | change source]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Donald
Trump
Bill
Weld
Joe
Walsh
Other and
undecided[a]
270 to Win Feb 19, 2020 ,Feb 18 – 19, 2020 91.0% 5.0% -
RealClearPolitics Feb 11, 2020 Dec 10, 2019 – Feb 11, 2020 89.3% 4.0% 3.5%
Average 90.2% 4.5% 3.5% 1.8%

Democratic Party[change | change source]

Nominees[change | change source]

Democratic Party (United States)
2020 Democratic Party ticket
Joe Biden TBD
for President for Vice President
Joe Biden (49404622558) (cropped).jpg
Vice President of the United States
(2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware
(1973–2009)
Campaign
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries
Bernie Sanders Tulsi Gabbard Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Amy Klobuchar Pete Buttigieg Tom Steyer
Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
U.S. senator from Vermont
(2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL
(1991–2007)
U.S. representative from HI-02
(2013–present)
U.S. senator from Massachusetts
(2013–present)
Mayor of New York City, New York
(2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
U.S. senator from Minnesota
(2007–present)
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana
(2012–2020)
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital and Beneficial State Bank
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg Tulsi Gabbard logo.svg Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: April 8, 2020


8,466,161 votes
1,007 delegates

W: March 19, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
191,459 votes
2 delegates

W: March 5, 2020


2,607,928 votes
58 delegates

W: March 4, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
2,422,368 votes
43 delegates

W: March 2, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
494,695 votes
7 delegates

W: March 1, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
855,014 votes
21 delegates

W: February 29, 2020


248,875 votes


[22][23] [24][25] [26][27] [28][29] [30][31] [32][33] [34][35]
Deval Patrick Michael Bennet Andrew Yang John Delaney Cory Booker Marianne Williamson Julián Castro
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Delaney by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Governor of Massachusetts
(2007–2015)
U.S. senator from Colorado
(2009–present)
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
U.S. representative from MD-06
(2013–2019)
U.S. senator from New Jersey
(2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
(2006–2013)
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
(2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas
(2009–2014)
Devallogo2020.png Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg John Delaney 2020 logo.svg Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: February 12, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
19,630 votes

W: February 11, 2020


42,322 votes

W: February 11, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
108,313 votes

W: January 31, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
15,985 votes

W: January 13, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
28,913 votes

W: January 10, 2020

(endorsed Sanders)
21,437 votes

W: January 2, 2020

(endorsed Warren)
36,277 votes

[36][37] [38][39] [40][41] [42][43] [44][45] [46][47] [48][49]
Kamala Harris Steve Bullock Joe Sestak Wayne Messam Beto O'Rourke Tim Ryan Bill de Blasio
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Tim Ryan by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
U.S. senator from California
(2017–present)
Attorney General of California
(2011–2017)
Governor of Montana
(2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana
(2009–2013)
U.S. representative from PA-07
(2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
Mayor of Miramar, Florida
(2015–present)
U.S. representative from TX-16
(2013–2019)
U.S. representative from OH-13
(2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17
(2003–2013)
Mayor of New York City, New York
(2014–present)
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg N/A Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Timryan2020.png Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: December 2, 2019


844 votes

W: December 3, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
549 votes

W: December 1, 2019

(endorsed Klobuchar)
5,251 votes

W: November 19, 2019


0 votes[b]

W: November 1, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
1 vote[b]

W: October 24, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[b]

W: September 20, 2019

(endorsed Sanders)
0 votes[b]

[50][51] [52][53] [54][55] [56][57] [58][59] [60][61] [62][63]
Kirsten Gillibrand Seth Moulton Jay Inslee John Hickenlooper Mike Gravel Eric Swalwell Richard Ojeda
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Mike Gravel cropped.png
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
U.S. senator from New York
(2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20
(2007–2009)
U.S. representative from MA-06
(2015–present)
Governor of Washington
(2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01
(1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04
(1993–1995)
Governor of Colorado
(2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado
(2003–2011)
U.S. senator from Alaska
(1969–1981)
U.S. representative from CA-15
(2013–present)
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07
(2016–2019)
Gillibrand 2020 logo.png Seth Moulton 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Jay Inslee 2020 logo3.png John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg N/A
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: August 28, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[b]

W: August 23, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[b]

W: August 21, 2019


1 vote[b]

W: August 15, 2019

(endorsed Bennet)
1 vote[b]

W: August 6, 2019

(endorsed Gabbard and Sanders)
0 votes[b]

W: July 8, 2019


0 votes[b]

W: January 25, 2019


0 votes[b]

[64][65] [66][67] [68][69] [70][71] [72][73] [74][75] [76][77]

Convention site[change | change source]

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled to take place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 13–16, 2020.[78][79]

National polling[change | change source]

Polling aggregates
Source of poll aggregation Date updated Dates polled Biden Sanders Undecided[c]
270toWin Mar 19, 2020 Mar 11–18, 2020 [d] 55.0% 34.4% 10.6%
FiveThirtyEight Mar 19, 2020 Mar 8-17, 2020 [e] 51.5% 32.6% 15.9%
RealClear Politics Mar 19, 2020 Mar 8–16, 2020 55.7% 35.3% 9.0%
Average 54.1% 34.1% 11.8%

General election polling[change | change source]

Donald Trump vs. Joe Biden
Source of poll aggregation Dates administered Dates updated Joe Biden Donald Trump Other/Undecided[f] Margin
270 to Win June 16 – June 30, 2020 July 1, 2020 50.4% 41.2% 8.4% Biden +9.2
RealClear Politics June 17 – June 30, 2020 July 1, 2020 49.7% 40.3% 10.0% Biden +9.4
FiveThirtyEight Until June 30, 2020 July 1, 2020 50.8% 41.4% 7.8% Biden +9.4
Average 50.3% 41.0% 8.7% Biden +9.3

Libertarian Party[change | change source]

Though Jacob Hornberger won the most primaries and received the most votes, Jo Jorgensen was chosen as the party's presidential nominee on the night of May 23, 2020, after four rounds of voting.[80]

Nominees[change | change source]

Libertarian Party (United States)
2020 Libertarian Party ticket
Jo Jorgensen Spike Cohen
for President for Vice President
Jo Jorgensen (cropped).jpg
Spike Cohen Libertarian VP 2020 (cropped).png
Senior Lecturer at Clemson University Podcaster and businessman
Campaign
Jo Jorgensen 2020 campaign logo.png

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal
Jacob Hornberger Vermin Supreme John Monds James P. Gray Adam Kokesh Dan Behrman
Jacob Hornberger by Gage Skidmore (cropped) (2).jpg
Vermin Supreme August 2019.jpg
Blank.png
Jim Gray.jpg
Kokesh2013 (cropped).jpg
Dan-taxation-is-theft-behrman (cropped).jpg
Founder and President of the Future of Freedom Foundation Performance artist, activist, and political satirist Former President of the
Grady County, Georgia NAACP
Former presiding judge for the
Superior Court of Orange County, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist Software engineer and podcaster
Jacob Hornberger 2020 campaign logo.png Vermin Supreme 2020 - Free Ponies For All - Campaign Logo.jpg N/A N/A N/A Dan Behrman 2020 campaign logo.png
N/A Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign N/A
W: May 23, 2020
8,986 votes
(20.55%)
236 first round delegates
W: May 23, 2020
4,288 votes
(9.81%)
171 first round delegates
W: May 23, 2020
1 vote
(<0.01%)
147 first round delegates
W: May 23, 2020
42 votes
(0.10%)
98 first round delegates
W: May 23, 2020
2,728 votes
(6.24%)
77 first round delegates
W: May 23, 2020
2,337 votes
(5.34%)
0 first round delegates
[80] [80] [81] [82] [83] [84]
Sam Robb Justin Amash Ken Armstrong Lincoln Chafee Max Abramson Kim Ruff
Sam Robb Campaign Photo for 2020 Election (cropped).jpg
Justin Amash official photo (cropped).jpg
Ken Armstrong POTUS46 Headshot.jpg
Lincoln Chafee (14103606100 cc56e38ddd h).jpg
Max suit small (cropped).jpg
Blank.png
Software engineer and author
Former naval officer
U.S. representative
from MI-03
(2011-present)
U.S. Coast Guard
commissioned officer
(1977–1994)
Governor of Rhode Island
(2011–2015)
U.S. Senator from Rhode Island
(1999–2007)

New Hampshire State Representative
(2014–2016; 2018–present)
Vice chair of the
LPRadical Caucus
Sam Robb Campaign Logo for 2020 candidacy.png N/A N/A N/A Max Abramson 2020 logo.png RuffPhillips 2020 campaign logo.png
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign N/A
W: May 23, 2020
1,943 votes
(5.06%)
0 first round delegates
W: May 17, 2020
3 votes
(0.01%)
17 first round delegates
W: April 29, 2020
3,509 votes
(8.03%)
0 first round delegates
W: April 5, 2020
294 votes
(0.67%)
1 (write-in) first round delegate
W: March 3, 2020
2,052 votes
(5.34%)
0 first round delegates
W: January 11, 2020
3,045 votes
(7.93%)
0 first round delegates
[84] [85] [86] [87] [88] [89]

Convention site[change | change source]

On December 10, 2017, the Libertarian National Committee chose Austin, Texas as the site of their 2020 national convention. The convention will be held between May 22–25, 2020.[90][91] However due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was held through an online convention from May 22 to May 24.[92]

Green Party[change | change source]

Presumptive nominee[change | change source]

Green Party (United States)
2020 Green Party ticket
Howie Hawkins Angela Walker
for President for Vice President
Hawkins 2010 (1).jpg
Angela Walker (cropped).jpg
Co-founder of the Green Party ATU Local 998 Legislative Director
(2011–2013)
Campaign
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo.png

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by popular vote
Dario Hunter
Officially Recognized
Sedinam Moyowasifza-Curry Dennis Lambert David Rolde
Officially Recognized
Dario Hunter headshot.jpg
SKCM Curry 2 (cropped).png
Dennis Lambert (1).jpg
David Rolde (Green Party US) (1).jpg
Member of the Youngstown Board of Education (2016–2020) Activist Documentary Filmmaker Co-chair of the Greater Boston Chapter of the Green-Rainbow Party
Dario Hunter 2020 presidential campaign logo.png N/A N/A N/A
Campaign N/A N/A N/A
3,087 votes
(18.1%)
67.5 delegates
2,229 votes
(2.9%)
10 delegates
2,029 votes
(2.6%)
9 delegates
960 votes
(1.6%)
5.5 delegates
[93] [94] [95] [96]

Convention site[change | change source]

The 2020 Green National Convention will be held in Detroit, Michigan from July 9-12. Greenville, South Carolina and Spartanburg, South Carolina were also considered to host the convention.[97]

Minor or Independent candidates[change | change source]

Socialist Party USA[change | change source]

Ballot access: see Green presidential primaries.

Endorsed by Solidarity. Also seeking nomination of the Green Party.

2020 Socialist Party USA ticket[98][99][100]
Howie Hawkins Angela Nicole Walker
for President for Vice President
Hawkins 2010.jpg Angela Walker (cropped).jpg
Co-founder of the Green Party
from New York
Veteran Labor Organizer
from South Carolina
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign

Constitution Party[change | change source]

Ballot access: 15 states (151 electoral votes)[101]

2020 Constitution Party ticket[102]
Don Blankenship William Mohr
for President for Vice President
Blank.png
Coal executive Nominee for Michigan's
76th State House district in 2014
Don Blankenship 20210 (75220642).jpg
Campaign

Party for Socialism and Liberation[change | change source]

Ballot access: 1 state (29 electoral votes)[103]

2020 Party for Socialism and Liberation ticket[104]
Gloria La Riva Leonard Peltier
for President for Vice President
Gloria La Riva at Trump inauguration protest SF Jan 20 2017.jpg Leonard Peltier headshot from FBI Poster - 01.gif
Activist from California Activist from South Dakota
Campaign

Alliance Party[change | change source]

Ballot access: 2 states (12 electoral votes)[105]

Also seeking nomination of the Reform Party (see below).

2020 Alliance Party ticket[106]
Rocky De La Fuente Darcy Richardson
for President for Vice President
Rocky De La Fuente1 (2) (cropped).jpg LG PICs 2 002.JPG
Businessman and
perennial candidate from Florida
Author, historian and
political activist from Florida
Rocky De La Fuente 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign

Prohibition Party[change | change source]

Ballot access: 2 states (12 electoral votes)[107][108]

Prohibition Party
2020 Prohibition Party ticket[109]
Phil Collins Billy Joe Parker
for President for Vice President
Former Libertyville Township
Trustee from Nevada
Activist from Georgia
Campaign

American Solidarity Party[change | change source]

Ballot access: 0 states (0 electoral votes). Write-in on 9 states (53 electoral votes).[110][111]

2020 American Solidarity Party ticket[112][113]
Brian T. Carroll Amar Patel
for President for Vice President
Brian T. Carroll - head shot .75 aspect ratio.png Amar Right Clean.jpg
Teacher
from California
Chairman of the ASP
from Illinois
Campaign

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest[change | change source]

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Candidate did not appear on any ballots.
  3. Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  4. 270 to Win reports the date each poll was released, not the dates each poll was administered.
  5. Source aggregates polls with a trendline regression of polls rather than a strict average of recent polls.
  6. Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.

References[change | change source]

  1. Choi, Matthew (October 31, 2019). "Trump, a symbol of New York, is officially a Floridian now". Politico. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  2. "3 U.S.C. § 7 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 3. The President § 7. Meeting and vote of electors", FindLaw.com.
  3. "Republicans in three states cancel presidential nominating contests for 2020". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  4. Shear, Michael D.; Baker, Peter (December 19, 2019). "Trump Impeachment Vote Live Updates: House Votes to Impeach Trump for Abuse of Power". The New York Times.
  5. Fandos, Nicholas (February 5, 2020). "Trump Acquitted of Two Impeachment Charges in Near Party-Line Vote". The New York Times.
  6. "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  7. "Former Rep. Joe Walsh enters race as Trump challenger". Fox News. August 26, 2019.
  8. "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  9. "Candidates". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  10. "Statement of Candidacy by Mark Sanford". Federal Election Commission. September 8, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  11. Siu, Benjamin; King, Lauren (March 18, 2019). "Biden Projected to Win Arizona, Florida and Illinois Democratic Primaries". ABC News. Retrieved March 18, 2019. Former long-shot Trump challenger and one-time Republican congressman Joe Walsh announced on Twitter Tuesday he voted for a Democrat for the first time for president, casting his ballot for Joe Biden. Walsh's home state of Illinois is voting today.
  12. Brusk, Steve (April 15, 2019). "Bill Weld officially announces he is challenging Trump for GOP nomination in 2020". CNN. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  13. "Weld drops out of GOP primary". The Hill. March 19, 2020.
  14. Davies, Tom (August 25, 2019). "Ex-Rep. Joe Walsh making longshot GOP challenge to Trump". Associated Press. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  15. Stracqualursi, Veronica (February 7, 2020). "Joe Walsh ends Republican primary challenge against Trump". CNN. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  16. "De La Fuente, Roque Rocky". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  17. Mack, Eric (November 18, 2019). "Zoltan Istvan, a leader of the transhumanist movement to merge humans with technology, is challenging Trump with a plan for America that's beyond radical". Cnet. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  18. "Friends, the time has come to end my 2020 US Presidential campaign, which I'm doing today. We made both a good effort and solid progress in trying to spread foward-thinking ideas like #transhumanism, #BasicIncome, and the future of work. I have some new projects on the horizon I'm excited to soon share with you. I want to thank everyone who voted for me and helped push this campaign forward. Thank you!! (Picture of my daughter & I) #UpgradingAmerica". Facebook. March 12, 2020.
  19. Steakin, Will; Lynn, Samara (September 8, 2019). "Mark Sanford announces he will challenge President Trump in 2020 GOP primary". ABC News. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  20. Caitlin Byrd (November 12, 2019). "Former SC Gov. Mark Sanford has dropped out of presidential race". The Post and Courier. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  21. John Bowden (November 2, 2018). "White House official expected to depart, head up 2020 GOP convention". The Hill. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  22. "He's In For 2020: Bernie Sanders Is Running For President Again". Vermont Public Radio. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  23. Woodall, Hunter (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Suspends 2020 Presidential Campaign". The Daily Beast.
  24. Kelly, Caroline (January 12, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020". CNN. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  25. Dzhanova, Yelena; Kim, Sunny (March 19, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard drops out of the Democratic presidential primary, endorses Joe Biden". CNBC. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  26. McCarthy, Tom (February 9, 2019). "Senator Elizabeth Warren officially launches 2020 presidential campaign". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  27. Herndon, Astead W.; Goldmacher, Shane (March 5, 2020). "Elizabeth Warren, Once a Front-Runner, Drops Out of Presidential Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  28. Burns, Alexander (November 24, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Joins 2020 Democratic Field for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  29. "Mike Bloomberg drops out of presidential race, endorses Biden". PBS. March 4, 2020.
  30. Golshan, Tara (February 10, 2019). "Sen. Amy Klobuchar has won every one of her elections by huge margins. Now she's running for president". Vox. Archived from the original on February 10, 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  31. Schnieder, Elena (March 2, 2020). "Klobuchar drops out of 2020 campaign, endorses Biden". Politico. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  32. Karson, Kendall; Gomez, Justin (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, little-known mayor turned presidential contender, makes historic bid". ABC News. Archived from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  33. Epstein, Reid J.; Gabriel, Trip (March 1, 2020). "Pete Buttigieg Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  34. Burns, Alexander (July 9, 2019). "Tom Steyer Will Run for President and Plans to Spend $100 Million on His Bid". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  35. Panetta, Grace (February 29, 2020). "Tom Steyer drops out of the 2020 presidential race". Business Insider. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  36. "Deval Patrick announces 2020 presidential bid". ABC News. Associated Press. November 14, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  37. Morin, Rebecca (February 12, 2020). "Deval Patrick drops out of Democratic presidential race". USA Today. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  38. Gregorian, Dareh (May 2, 2019). "Colorado Sen. Bennet enters presidential race after prostate cancer treatment". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  39. "Michael Bennet ends 2020 presidential bid after poor showing in New Hampshire". WDTN.com. Associated Press. February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  40. Schwarz, Hunter (February 13, 2019). "Here's how 2020 Democrats announced their campaigns". CNN. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  41. Matthews, Dylan (February 11, 2020). "Andrew Yang suspends his 2020 presidential campaign". Vox.com. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  42. Delaney, John (July 28, 2017). "John Delaney: Why I'm running for president". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  43. Wang, Amy B (January 31, 2020). "John Delaney says he's dropping out of presidential race". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  44. Korecki, Natasha (February 1, 2019). "Cory Booker launches bid for president". Politico. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  45. Buck, Rebecca (January 13, 2020). "Cory Booker ends 2020 presidential campaign". CNN. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  46. "Author Marianne Williamson Announces Presidential Candidacy". NBC. City News Service. January 29, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  47. Astor, Maggie (January 10, 2020). "Marianne Williamson Drops Out of 2020 Presidential Race". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  48. Weber, Paul J. (January 12, 2019). "Former Obama housing chief Julian Castro joins 2020 campaign". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 12, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  49. Medina, Jennifer; Stevens, Matt (January 2, 2020). "Julián Castro Ends Presidential Run: 'It Simply Isn't Our Time'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  50. Kelsey, Adam (January 21, 2019). "Sen. Kamala Harris announces she will run for president in 2020". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  51. Cadelago, Christopher (December 3, 2019). "Kamala Harris drops out of presidential race". Politico. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  52. GovernorBullock (May 14, 2019). "To give everyone a fair shot, we must do more than defeat Donald Trump. We have to defeat the corrupt system that keeps people like him in power, and we need a fighter who's done it before. That's why I'm running for President. Join our team: stevebullock.com" (Tweet). Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  53. Weigel, David. "Montana Gov. Steve Bullock drops out of presidential race". Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  54. Olson, Laura (June 23, 2019). "Former Pennsylvania Congressman Joe Sestak announces presidential bid". The Morning Call. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  55. Perano, Ursala (December 1, 2019). "Democrat Joe Sestak drops out of 2020 presidential race". Axios. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  56. Merica, Dan (March 28, 2019). "Florida Mayor Wayne Messam announces 2020 presidential bid". CNN. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  57. Collins, Sean (November 20, 2019). "Wayne Messam, who called on Americans to #BeGreat, suspends his presidential bid". Vox. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  58. Bradner, Eric; Santiago, Leyla (March 14, 2019). "Beto O'Rourke announces he's running for president in 2020". CNN. Archived from the original on March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  59. "Democrat Beto O'Rourke ends presidential bid". BBC. November 1, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  60. Vitali, Ali (April 4, 2019). "Ohio Rep. Tim Ryan throws his name into growing 2020 field". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  61. Merica, Dan (October 24, 2019). "Tim Ryan ends 2020 presidential campaign". CNN.
  62. Goldenberg, Sally (May 16, 2019). "New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio enters crowded Democratic 2020 field". Politico. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  63. Goldenberg, Sally; Forgey, Quint (September 20, 2019). "Bill de Blasio ends 2020 presidential campaign". Politico. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  64. Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Kirsten Gillibrand officially jumps into 2020 race, teases speech at Trump hotel in New York". CNN. Archived from the original on March 17, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  65. Burns, Alexander (August 28, 2019). "Kirsten Gillibrand Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  66. Seitz-Wald, Alex (April 22, 2019). "Rep. Seth Moulton is latest Democrat to enter 2020 field". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  67. Allen, Jonathon (August 23, 2019). "Seth Moulton ends presidential campaign". NBC News. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  68. Merica, Dan (March 1, 2019). "Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announces 2020 presidential bid". CNN. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  69. Gregorian, Dareh (August 21, 2019). "Jay Inslee drops out of the 2020 presidential race". NBC News. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  70. Hickenlooper (August 15, 2019). "This morning, I'm announcing that I'm no longer running for President. While this campaign didn't have the outcome we were hoping for, every moment has been worthwhile & I'm thankful to everyone who supported this campaign and our entire team. bit.ly/2TzVKbS" (Tweet). Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  71. Hughes, Clyde (August 15, 2019). "Democrat Hickenlooper drops out of 2020 presidential race". UPI. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  72. Stuart, Tessa (April 8, 2019). "The Teens Have Officially Convinced Mike Gravel to Run for President". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  73. Shen-Berro, Julian (August 7, 2019). "Ex-Alaska Sen. Mike Gravel Ends Unorthodox 2020 Campaign, Endorses Bernie Sanders And Tulsi Gabbard". HuffPost. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  74. Tolan, Casey (April 8, 2019). "Eric Swalwell jumps into presidential race with long-shot White House bid". The Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  75. Hudak, Zak (July 8, 2019). "Democrat Eric Swalwell drops out of presidential race". CBS News.
  76. Grim, Ryan (November 11, 2018). "Richard Ojeda, West Virginia Lawmaker Who Backed Teachers Strikes, Will Run for President". The Intercept. Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  77. Grim, Ryan (January 25, 2019). "Richard Ojeda Drops Out of Presidential Race". The Intercept. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  78. "Exclusive: Democrats, anticipating heated primary, set earlier 2020 convention date". CNN. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  79. Verhovek, John (March 11, 2019). "Milwaukee chosen as 2020 Democratic National Convention site". ABC News. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  80. 80.0 80.1 80.2 Winger, Richard (May 23, 2020). "Jo Jorgensen Wins Libertarian Presidential Nomination on Fourth Vote". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  81. "LNC Convention Day 2". YouTube. Libertarian Party of the United States. May 23, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  82. Winger, Richard (May 23, 2020). "Libertarian Party Second Round of Presidential Voting". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  83. Paulie (May 23, 2020). "President first ballot:". Independent Political Report. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  84. 84.0 84.1 Winger, Richard (May 23, 2020). "Libertarian Party First Round of Presidential Votes". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  85. Weigel, David (May 17, 2020). "Rep. Justin Amash says he won't run for president". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  86. ToddHagopian (April 29, 2020). "Todd Hagopian" (Tweet). Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  87. Kalunian, Kim (April 5, 2020). "Chafee drops out of presidential race". WPRI. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  88. Saturn, William (March 21, 2020). "Max Abramson No Longer a Libertarian Party Member, Not Running for President". Independent Political Report. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  89. "Ruff for President". Ruff/Phillips 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  90. Winger, Richard (December 11, 2017) "Libertarian Party Sets Location and Date of 2020 Presidential Convention". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  91. Bryce, Tim (May 12, 2019). "The 2020 Election Schedule starts soon". NewsTalk Florida. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  92. Doherty, Brian (May 9, 2020). "Libertarian Party To Choose Its Presidential Ticket in Virtual Vote Over Memorial Day Weekend". Reason. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  93. "Youngstown Board of Education member announces he's running for president". Wkbn.com. February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  94. "Sedinam Kinamo Christin Moyowasifza-Curry". Facebook.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.[non-primary source needed]
  95. "Dennis Lambert's Biography". votesmart.org. 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  96. Andrews, John; Everette, Sarah (February 24, 2020). "Officially recognized as a candidate". Green Party of the United States. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  97. "Selection of Site for 2020 Presidential Nominating ConventionANM". Green National Committee. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  98. Socialist Party USA [SPofUSA] (October 26, 2019). "The Socialist Party is excited to announce Howie Hawkins as its presidential nominee for the 2020 election!" (Tweet). Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  99. Hawkins, Howie. "Howie Hawkins for President". solidartiy-us.org. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  100. "Angela Walker for Vice President!". HowieHawkins.us. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  101. "Ballot Access". constitutionparty.com. 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  102. Winger, Richard (May 2, 2020). "Constitution Party Nominates Don Blankenship for President on Second Ballot". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  103. "Party for Socialism and Liberation". Ballotpedia. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  104. La Riva, Gloria (September 25, 2019). "Party for Socialism and Liberation launches 2020 presidential campaign". Party for Socialism and Liberation. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  105. Winger, Richard (April 25, 2020). "Alliance Party Nominates National Ticket". Ballot Access News. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  106. Cite error: The named reference Darcy was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  107. Saturn, William (April 23, 2020). "Prohibition Party Provides Update on Ballot Access". Independent Political Report. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  108. "Political parties in Mississippi". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  109. "Presidential Candidate". prohibitionparty.org. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  110. "Ballot access for presidential candidates". Ballotpedia. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  111. "Election Law Summary" (PDF). Oregon Secretary of State. Elections Division. p. 14. Retrieved October 19, 2016. Oregon voters have the option of not voting for any of the candidates for office who are printed on the ballot, but instead writing in a name of a candidate for each office. All write-in votes for each office on the ballot are tallied together with a lump sum recorded unless: 1 No names of candidates are printed on the ballot for the office; or 2 If the total number of write-in votes for candidates equals or exceeds the total number of votes for any candidate for the same nomination or office. In these two circumstances, the county clerk tallies all write-in votes cast for the office to show the total number of votes for each write-in candidate.
  112. "FEC Form 2" (PDF). FEC.gov.
  113. Carroll, Brian (April 2, 2019). "April 5, 2019 Preview". YouTube. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  114. Quintanar, Eric (April 13, 2020). "BREAKING: Justin Amash, Congressman Who Left GOP, Suggests He's Considering Presidential Run". The Daily Wire. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  115. Byrd, Haley (April 29, 2020). "Justin Amash announces presidential exploratory committee". CNN. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  116. Bakst, Brian (November 16, 2019). "Ventura lets hype build about possible 2020 run". MPR News. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  117. Pete Blackburn (April 12, 2020). "Mavericks owner Mark Cuban says he won't rule out running for president". CBS. Retrieved April 21, 2020.