University of Mississippi
|Motto||Pro scientia et sapientia (Latin)|
Motto in English
|For knowledge and wisdom|
|Type||Public flagship research university|
|Endowment||$736.3 million (2019)|
|Budget||$2.448 billion (2016)|
|Provost||Noel E. Wilkin|
|Students||23,258 (fall 2017)|
|Campus||Rural (small college town) 2,000+ acres|
|Colors||Cardinal red and Navy blue|
|NCAA Division I FBS – SEC|
History[change | change source]
In September 1962, James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the previously segregated University of Mississippi. He attempted to enter campus on September 20, on September 25, and again on September 26. He was blocked by Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett, who said, "[N]o school will be integrated in Mississippi while I am your Governor." The Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals held Barnett and Lieutenant Governor Paul B. Johnson, Jr. in contempt, with fines of more than $10,000 for each day they refused to allow Meredith to enroll.
Attorney General Robert Kennedy sent U.S. Marshals. On September 30, 1962, Meredith entered the campus under their escort. Students and other whites began rioting that evening, throwing rocks and then shooting guns at the U.S. Marshals guarding Meredith. Two people were killed; 28 marshals suffered gunshot wounds; and 160 others were injured. After the Mississippi Highway Patrol withdrew from the campus, President John F. Kennedy sent regular US Army forces to the campus to quell the riot. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived.
References[change | change source]
- As of June 30, 2019. "U.S. and Canadian 2019 NTSE Participating Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2019 Endowment Market Value, and Percentage Change in Market Value from FY18 to FY19 (Revised)". National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "About UM: Facts - University of Mississippi". The University of Mississippi Facts & Statistics.
- Ole Miss News. "UM Welcomes New and Returning Students for Fall Semester". Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "Licensing FAQ's". Department of Licensing – University of Mississippi. Archived from the original on July 6, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- "James Meredith Integrates Ole Miss", Civil Rights Movement Veterans