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    Abigail Smith Adams
    Abigail Adams.jpg
    Abigail Adams by Benjamin Blythe, 1766
    2nd First Lady of the United States
    In office
    March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801
    Preceded byMartha Washington
    Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
    1st Wife of the Vice President of the
    United States
    In office
    May 16, 1789 – March 4, 1797
    Preceded byNone
    Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
    Personal details
    Born(1744-11-11)November 11, 1744
    Weymouth, Province of Massachusetts Bay
    DiedOctober 28, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73)
    Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
    Spouse(s)John Adams
    RelationsWilliam and Elizabeth Quincy Smith
    ChildrenAbigail "Nabby", John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas,(stillborn)
    OccupationFirst Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States

    Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744–October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States. Later on, people started to address the wife of the president as the First Lady. So, she became the second First Lady of the United States.[1] She was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She belonged to a famous family of Massachusetts (the Quincy Family).

    In 1801, the couple retired and lived in Quincy. Abigail died in 1818, at age 74 of typhoid fever.

    Early Life[change | change source]

    Abigail Adams advocated for an equal education in public schools for boys and girls. In her earliest years, she was often in poor health. She spent most of her time reading. In addition to that, she corresponded to family and friends before getting married. [2]

    Adams did not get any formal education in any school or college. Her father had a big library, so she studied a number of books and became knowledgeable. She married John Adams in 1764. In the next ten years, she had five children (a sixth was stillborn), including John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States.

    Political Involvement[change | change source]

    Adams was a vital confidant and adviser to her husband John Adams. She opposed slavery and supported women's rights. In 1776, her husband participated in the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. There, Adams wrote her most famous letter to the Founding Fathers "remember the ladies". [3]

    In 1784, Adams joined at her husband's diplomatic post in Paris. She became interested in the manners of the French. After 1785, she filled the difficult role of wife of the First US Minister to Great Britain. She did so with dignity and tact. [4]

    Abigail Adams (1744-1818). From: Evert A. Duyckinick: Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women in Europe and America. New York, 1873.

    Other websites[change | change source]

    Media related to Abigail Adams at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Abigail Adams at Wikiquote

    References[change | change source]

    1. "Abigail Adams | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
    2. "Abigail Adams Biography :: National First Ladies' Library". www.firstladies.org. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
    3. Michals. "Abigail Adams". {{cite web}}: Cite has empty unknown parameter: |dead-url= (help)
    4. Black. "The First Ladies of the United States of America". {{cite web}}: Cite has empty unknown parameter: |dead-url= (help)


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    Category:1744 births Category:1818 deaths Category:First Ladies of the United States Category:Second Ladies of the United States Category:John Adams