Modifications[change | change source]
There were a number of modifications of the Goose, but the most numerous were those by McKinnon Enterprises, who made three different conversions.[source?] The first involved replacing the Goose's engines with four Lycoming GSO-480 piston engines. The second, named "Turboprop Goose" involved replacing the engines with two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprops. The third and final variant was the "Turbo-Goose," which was based on the "Turboprop Goose," but with larger windows and retractable floats on the wings.
New production[change | change source]
In November 2007, Antilles Seaplanes of Gibsonville, North Carolina announced it was restarting production of the Goose. PWC PT6A-34 turboprops will replace the original Pratt & Whitney piston engines, and the airframe and systems will be updated, increasing the seating capacity from eight to 10 places; the aircraft will be known as the Antilles Super Goose. The first example is now being assembled.
Operational history[change | change source]
Envisioned as corporate or private "flying yachts" for Manhattan millionaires, initial production models normally carried two to three passengers and had a bar and small toilet installed. As well as being marketed to small air carriers, the G-21 was also promoted as a military transport. In 1938, the US Army Air Force purchased the type as the OA-9 (later, in the war years, examples impressed from civilian ownership were designated the OA-13A). The most numerous of the military versions were the United States Navy variants, designated the JRF.
The amphibian was soon adopted by the Coast Guard and, during World War II, it also served with the RCAF in the transport, reconnaissance, rescue and training roles. The G.21 was used for air-sea rescue duties by the Royal Air Force (RAF). The RAF, in a common naming convention with all of its aircraft, designated the type as "Goose."
A total of 345 were built, with about 60 still airworthy today, most being in private ownership, some of them operating in modified forms.
Variants[change | change source]
- Original production version, powered by two 450 hp (336 kW) Wasp Junior SB engines, 7,500 lb (3,400 kg) gross weight. Six passengers. Twelve built, all converted to G-21A standards.
- Increased gross weight (8,000 lb (3,636 kg)). Thirty built.
- Export coastal patrol flying boat. Armed with .30 in machine gun in bow and dorsal hatches and two 100 lb (45 kg) bombs underwing. Twelve built for Portuguese Naval Aviation.
- Conversion by McKinnon Enterprises, re-engined with four 340 (254 kW) Lycoming GSO-480-B2D6 air-cooled flat-six engines and fitted with retractable wing-tip floats. Gross weight increased to 12,499 lb (5,669 kh). Two converted.
- One G-21C further converted by McKinnon with extended bow section marked by two extra windows each side and accommodating another four passengers. Later re-engined with two 579 eshp (432 kW) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-20 turboprops and fitted with revised flaps, retaining the G-21D designation.
- Simpler re-engining program by McKinnon, with PT6A-20 engines and more fuel, but without lengthened hull or revised flaps. 10,500 lb (4,763 kg) gross weight. Five converted.
- Conversion by McKinnon with 715 shp (533 kW) Garrett TPE331-2U-203 turboprops. One converted.
- Conversion by McKinnon with 680 shp (507 kW) PT6A-27 engines and more fuel. One converted.
- Prototype eight seat utility amphibian for US Navy. One built 1938.
- Production version of XJ3F-1. Five built for US Navy.
- Similar to JRF-1, but with target towing gear and camera hatch added. Five built for US Navy.
- Version for United States Coast Guard, with provision for carrying stretchers. Seven built.
- Similar to JRF-2, but fitted with autopilot and deicing boots on wing leading edge to aid operations in Arctic. Three built for Coast Guard.
- Similar to JRF-1A, but could carry two depth bombs under wing. Ten built for US Navy.
- Major production version, incorporating bomb racks from JRF-4, target towing and camera gear from JRF-1A and de-icing gear from JRF-3. 184 built.
- 24 JRF-5 transferred to US Coast Guard.
- Navigation trainer purchased for supply under Lend-Lease. 50 built.
- Transport and air-sea rescue amphibian for United States Army Air Forces. Twenty-six ordered in 1938, supplemented by five JRF-6Bs carrying the same designation.
- Designation given to three G-21As impressed by USAAF.
- Two JRF-5s transferred to USAAF.
- Goose Mk I
- British designation for three JRF-5s supplied to the Fleet Air Arm.
- Goose MkIA
- British designation for 44 JRF-6Bs supplied under Lend Lease and used for Observer training by 749 Naval Air Squadron in Trinidad.
- Goose Mk II
- British designation for two JRF-5s used as staff transports by British Air Commission in United States and Canada.
- Grumman LXG
- A single Grumman G.21A evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.
Operators[change | change source]
Military operators[change | change source]
- Royal Australian Air Force
- Six aircraft were used by No. 1 Air Ambulance Unit RAAF in Mediterranean.
- United States Army Air Corps
- United States Army Air Force
- United States Navy
- United States Coast Guard
Governmental operators[change | change source]
- United States Fish and Wildlife Service operated two aircraft.
Civil operators[change | change source]
- Air BC
- Almon Landair Ltd
- European Coastal Airways
- H.J. O'Connell Supplies
- Oakley Air Ltd Canada
- Pacific Coastal Airlines
- Sioux Narrows Airways
- West Coast Air Services
- Aero Accessories Inc.
- Air Metal Fabricators
- Alaska Coastal Airlines
- Alaska Coastal-Ellis Airlines
- Alaska Island Air
- Alaska Fish and Game
- Amphib. Inc.
- Antilles Airboats
- Avalon Air Transport
- Baron Aviation
- Caribbean Clipper
- Catalina Air
- Catalina Channel Airlines
- Devcon Construction
- Flight Data Inc.
- Ford Motors
- Goose Aviation
- Gulf Oil
- Kodiak Airways
- Kodiak Western
- North Coast Aero
- Ozark Management
- Reeve Aleutian Airways
- SouthEast Skyways
- Superior Oil
- Teufel Nursuries
- Tuthill Corporation
- Virgin Islands Seaplane Shuttle
- Waterlines Ltd
- Webber Airlines
Accidents and incidents[change | change source]
- On June 22, 1972, N1513V of Reeve Aleutian Airways was written off at False Pass, Alaska.
- On September 2, 1978, Charles F. Blair, Jr., former Grumman test pilot and husband to actress Maureen O'Hara was flying a Grumman Goose from St. Croix to St. Thomas when the aircraft crashed into the ocean due to engine failure. He and three passengers were killed, seven passengers were severely injured.
- On August 3, 2008, a Grumman Goose of Pacific Coastal Airlines with seven passengers and crew crashed during a flight from Port Hardy to Chamiss Bay. The aircraft was completely destroyed by a fire. There were only two survivors.
- On November 16, 2008 a Grumman Goose of Pacific Coastal Airlines with eight passengers and crew crashed during a flight from Vancouver International Airport to Toba Inlet, BC. The aircraft exploded into a mass of burning wreckage according to the lone survivor. This person was rescued up by the Coast Guard on South Thormanby Island off British Columbia's Sunshine Coast. The company resumed floatplane operations on November 19, 2008.
- On February 27, 2011 a Grumman 21T Goose crashed in the United Arab Emirates when it immediately veered after takeoff. 
Specifications (JRF-5 Goose)[change | change source]
Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 
- Crew: two–three
- Capacity: four–seven passengers
- Length: 38 ft 6 in (11.74 m)
- Wingspan: 49 ft 0 in (14.94 m)
- Height: 16 ft 2 in (4.93 m)
- Wing area: 375 ft² (34.9 m²)
- Empty weight: 5,425 lb (2,466 kg)
- Loaded weight: 8,000 lb (3,636 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior AN-6 nine-cylinder air-cooled radials, 450 hp (340 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 201 mph (175 knots, 324 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,520 m)
- Cruise speed: 191 mph (166 knots, 308 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,520 m)
- Range: 640 mi (557 nmi, 1,030 km)
- Service ceiling: 21,300 ft (6,494 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,100 ft/min (5.6 m/s)
- Wing loading: 21.3 lb/ft² (104 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.11 hp/lb (0.19 kW/kg)
Notable appearances in media[change | change source]
The Grumman Goose has been featured in films and television. A U.S. Navy JRF-1 Goose in early World War II paint scheme appears in full color closeup water-taxiing and climbing a ramp in the 1943 submarine film Crash Dive. A Grumman Goose is piloted by Rae Dawn Chong's character, Cindy (an off-duty flight attendant), throughout the Commando (1985) motion picture starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. A Goose named Cutter's Goose is prominent on the 1980s TV series Tales of the Gold Monkey starring Stephen Collins, inspired by the movie Only Angels Have Wings.
In Jimmy Buffett's first novel, Where is Joe Merchant?, protagonist Frank Bama owned and operated a rebuilt Grumman Goose dubbed the Hemisphere Dancer. (The actual Hemisphere Dancer is a Grumman Albatross that belongs to Buffett and is now the centerpiece for his Margaritaville Cafe restaurant in Orlando, Florida.)[source?]
- Cite error: The named reference
ANwas used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
- "Seven confirmed dead in B.C. plane crash." canada.com. Retrieved: December 19, 2009.
- Francillon and Killion 1993, p.55.
- Francillon and Killion 1993, p.54.
- Francillon and Killion 1993, pp. 54–56.
- Francillon and Killion 1993, pp. 55–56.
- Green 1968, pp. 169–170.
- Donald 1995, p.145.
- Green 1968, p.169.
- March 1998, p.127.
- "Grumman Goose has served coast for many years as 'flying-boat workhorse'." canada.com. Retrieved: December 19, 2009.
- "N1513V." NTSB. Retrieved: December 19, 2009.
- "accident." NTSB. Retrieved: December 19, 2009. Note: States 1970 as year!?
- "5 dead in B.C. plane crash." TheGlobeAndMail.com. Retrieved: December 19, 2009.
- "7 dead in plane crash off B.C. coast." CBC News, November 16, 2008. Retrieved: December 19, 2009.
- "Plane crash kills 4 in UAE" CNN News, February 28, 2011. Retrieved: February 28, 2011.
- Green 1968, p.171.