This article is about a World Heritage Site

Valley of the Kings

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Location of the valley in the Theban Hills, west of the Nile, October 1988 (red arrow shows location)

The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wādī al Mulūk) is a valley in Egypt. From the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were built there for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles.[1][2]

The valley is on the west bank of the Nile across from Luxor.[3] Some of the people buried there are:

The valley is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. In 1979 it became a World Heritage Site, with the rest of the Theban Necropolis.[4] Exploration, excavation and conservation continues in the valley, and a new tourist centre has recently been opened.

Panorama of the valley, looking north

Geology and climate[change | change source]

Stratigraphy of the valley

There is little year-round rain in this part of Egypt, but there are rare flash floods that hit the valley. These tons of debris into the open tombs.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Maspero, Gaston (1913). Manual of Egyptian Archaeology, Sixth English Edition. H. Grevel and Co. p. 182. ISBN 1-4219-4169-4. 
  2. "Theban Mapping Project". Theban Mapping Project. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  3. Siliotti, Alberto (1997). Guide to the Valley of the Kings. Barnes and Noble. p. 13. ISBN 88-8095-496-2. 
  4. "Ancient Thebes and its necropolis". UNESCO Work Heritage Sites. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  5. Sampsell, Bonnie M. 2003. A traveler's guide to the geology of Egypt. Cairo: American University Press, p78. ISBN 977-424-785-X

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Siliotti, Alberto (1997). Guide to the Valley of the Kings. Barnes and Noble. ISBN 88-8095-496-2.  – A good introduction to the valley and surroundings