Vervet monkey

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vervet monkey[1]
Adult in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique
Calls recorded at Lake Naivasha, Kenya
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Chlorocebus
C. pygerythrus
Binomial name
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
F. Cuvier, 1821
     Native Range

The vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus), or simply vervet, is an Old World monkey of the family Cercopithecidae. It is native to Africa.[3] The term "vervet" is also used to refer to all the members of the genus Chlorocebus. They are found mostly throughout Southern Africa, as well as some of the eastern countries.

Vervets were introduced to the Americas, where there were originally no Old World monkeys. They are now in Florida, Texas, Alabama, Louisiana, Arizona, California, Ascension Island, Cape Verde, Barbados, Saint Kitts, Bermuda, Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Nevis.[4][5]

Vervets are mostly herbivorous monkeys. They have black faces and grey body hair color, ranging in length from about 50 centimetres (20 in) for males to about 40 centimetres (16 in) for females.

Vervet monkeys serve as a primate model for understanding genetic and social behaviors of humans. They have some human-like characteristics, such as hypertension, anxiety, and social and dependent alcohol use.[6] Vervets live in social groups ranging from 10 to 70 individuals. Males change groups when they become sexually mature.[7] The most significant studies done on vervet monkeys are on their their communication and alarm calls. Communication helps kin and group recognition, and alerting to predators.

References[change | change source]

  1. Groves, Colin (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 159. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
  2. Butynski, T.M. & De Jong, Y. (2019). "Chlorocebus pygerythrus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T136271A17957823. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T136271A17957823.en.
  3. Groves, Colin; Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds) 2005. Mammal species of the world. 3rd ed, Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 159. ISBN 0-801-88221-4
  4. "Vervet monkey". Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
  5. "vervet monkey". ZME Science.
  6. Palmour R. et al 1997 (1997). "Of monkeys and men: vervets and the genetics of human-like behaviors". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 61 (3): 481–488. doi:10.1086/515526. PMC 1715973. PMID 9326311.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. Pasternak, Graham et al 2013 (2013). "Population ecology of vervet monkey in a high latitude, semi-arid riparian woodland". Koedoe. 55 (1). doi:10.4102/koedoe.v55i1.1078. Retrieved 4 June 2014.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)