Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia

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Victor Emmanuel I
Victor Emanuel I in Coronation Robes
King of Sardinia and Duke of Savoy
Reign4 June 1802 – 12 March 1821
PredecessorCharles Emmanuel IV
SuccessorCharles Felix
Born(1759-07-24)24 July 1759
Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
Died10 January 1824(1824-01-10) (aged 64)
Castle of Moncalieri, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
ConsortMaria Teresa of Austria-Este
among others...
Maria Beatrice, Duchess of Modena
Maria Teresa, Duchess of Parma
Maria Anna, Empress of Austria
Maria Christina, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Full name
Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia
HouseHouse of Savoy
FatherVictor Amadeus III of Sardinia
MotherMaria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Victor Emmanuel I (Vittorio Emanuele; 24 July 1759–10 January 1824) was King of Sardinia from 1802 to 1821.

Biography[change | change source]

Born at the Royal Palace of Turin, he was the second son of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia of Spain. From birth he was known as the Duke of Aosta. His older brother Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated in 1802 and Victor Emmanuel succeeded him. He ruled Sardinia from Cagliari for the next twelve years as the mainland Kingdom of Sardinia had been captured by the French.

Victor Emmanuel returned to Turin only in 1814, his realm reconstituted by the Congress of Vienna with the addition of the territories of the former Republic of Genoa. After the outbreak of the liberal revolution in his lands in 1821, he abdicated in favor of his brother, Charles Felix. Victor Emmanuel died in the Castle of Moncalieri. He is buried in the Basilica of Superga.

Family and children[change | change source]

On 21 April 1789, he married Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este, daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Modena.

  1. Maria Beatrice of Savoy (1792–1840) married Francis IV, Duke of Modena and had issue.
  2. Maria Adelaide Clothilde Xaveria Borbonia of Savoy (1794-1802) died in infancy.
  3. Charles Emmanuel of Savoy (1796-1799) died of smallpox.
  4. A daughter (1800-1801) died in infancy.
  5. Maria Teresa of Savoy (1803-1879) married Charles II, Duke of Parma and had issue.
  6. Maria Anna of Savoy (1803–1884) married Ferdinand I of Austria.
  7. Maria Christina of Savoy (1812–1836) married Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and had issue.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 24 July 1759–4 June 1802 His Royal Highness The Duke of Aosta
  • 4 June 1802–12 March 1821 His Majesty The King of Sardinia
  • 12 March 1821–10 January 1824 His Majesty King Victor Emmanuel

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia at Wikimedia Commons