Queen Victoria

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Photograph of Queen Victoria, 1882
Victoria wearing her small diamond crown
Photograph by Alexander Bassano, 1882
Queen of the United Kingdom
Reign20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Coronation28 June 1838
PredecessorWilliam IV
SuccessorEdward VII
Prime MinistersSee list
Empress of India
Reign1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901
Imperial Durbar1 January 1877
SuccessorEdward VII
ViceroysSee list
Born(1819-05-24)24 May 1819
Kensington Palace, London
Died22 January 1901(1901-01-22) (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
Burial4 February 1901
SpousePrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Full name
Alexandrina Victoria
HouseHouse of Hanover
FatherPrince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
MotherPrincess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
SignatureVictoria's signature

Queen Victoria (born Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was born in London to a German princess and an English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18, on the death of her uncle, William IV.[change | change source]

She was educated by her governess, Louise Lehzen and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well.[change | change source]

In 1840, Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert who encouraged science, trade and art. They had nine children, and made it clear they believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example. In 1851, the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace was opened. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition featured the achievements of British people in the Victorian era.[change | change source]

In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria began to keep away from public life; this made her less popular. During the years that followed, Britain became more powerful, and in 1877, Victoria was given the title of "Empress of India". She became more popular with her people. In 1897, she had her Diamond Jubilee to celebrate 60 years of being on the throne.[change | change source]

Many of Victoria's children became monarchs, princes and princesses of other countries, and late in life she was called the "grandmother of Europe". Queen Victoria was always very interested in India, although she never went there. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, sketching, horse riding and singing; she was given lessons as a child by the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano.[1] She kept a regular diary throughout her life.[change | change source]

Children[change | change source]

Name[change | change source]

Birth[change | change source]

Death[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal[change | change source]

21 November 1840[change | change source]

5 August 1901[change | change source]

Married 1858, Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had children.[change | change source]

King Edward VII[change | change source]

9 November 1841[change | change source]

6 May 1910[change | change source]

Married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had children.[change | change source]

The Princess Alice[change | change source]

25 April 1843[change | change source]

14 December 1878[change | change source]

Married 1862, Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine; had children.[change | change source]

The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh[change | change source]

6 August 1844[change | change source]

31 July 1900[change | change source]

Married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had children.[change | change source]

The Princess Helena[change | change source]

25 May 1846[change | change source]

9 June 1923[change | change source]

Married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; had children.[change | change source]

The Princess Louise[change | change source]

18 March 1848[change | change source]

3 December 1939[change | change source]

Married 1871, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no children.[change | change source]

The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn[change | change source]

1 May 1850[change | change source]

16 January 1942[change | change source]

Married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia; had children.[change | change source]

The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany[change | change source]

7 April 1853[change | change source]

28 March 1884[change | change source]

Married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had children.[change | change source]

The Princess Beatrice[change | change source]

14 April 1857[change | change source]

26 October 1944[change | change source]

Married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had children[change | change source]

Ancestors[change | change source]

Victoria of the United Kingdom's ancestors in three generations[change | change source]

Victoria of the United Kingdom[change | change source]

Father: Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn[change | change source]

Paternal Grandfather: George III of the United Kingdom[change | change source]

Paternal Great-grandfather: Frederick, Prince of Wales[change | change source]

Paternal Great-grandmother: Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha[change | change source]

Paternal Grandmother: Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz[change | change source]

Paternal Great-grandfather: Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow[change | change source]

Paternal Great-grandmother: Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst[change | change source]

Mother: Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld[change | change source]

Maternal Grandfather: Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld[change | change source]

Maternal Great-grandfather: Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld[change | change source]

Maternal Great-grandmother: Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel[change | change source]

Maternal Grandmother: Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf[change | change source]

Maternal Great-grandfather: Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen[change | change source]

Maternal Great-grandmother: Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach[change | change source]

A young Queen Victoria[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]

Queen Victoria Citizendium[change | change source]