From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles that were employed in the Victorian era. This kind of architecture is named after Queen Victoria. These architectural styles include:
- Gothic Revival: examples are St Pancras railway station (1868); the rebuilt main chambers of the Houses of Parliament (1850 to 1870); Natural History Museum.
- Buildings made possible by new technology. The obvious example being the Crystal Palace (1851), which used cast iron and glass as its main elements. See Covent Garden and many provincial markets for the same method of construction.
- Completely different was the Arts and Crafts movement, which aimed at human-scale buildings based on traditional styles. It had effect in some of the new towns built in the late 19th to early 20th century in Britain.