Violin Concertos (Mozart)

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Martini bologna mozart 1777.jpg
Leopold Mozart wrote of this 1777 portrait of his son Wolfgang Amadeus, "It has little value as a piece of art, but as to the issue of resemblance, I can assure you that it is perfect."
Born January 27, 1756
Salzburg, Austria
Died December 5, 1791(1791-12-05) (aged 35)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Occupation Musician

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote at least five violin concertos between 1773 and 1776 in Salzburg, Austria, most likely for his own use as concertmaster of the Archbishop of Salzburg's orchestra.

Violin Concerto No. 1 in B-flat major, K. 207[change | change source]

This concerto is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns and strings, and was composed in Salzburg on April 14, 1773 or 1775. The date is uncertain. There are three movements: Allegro moderato; Adagio; Presto.

All three movements are written in sonata form, a form reserved by classical composers for their more serious works. The second movement is marked Adagio, a more intense tempo than Mozart's usual Andantes.[1]

Violin Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 211[change | change source]

The D major concerto is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was written in Salzburg and dated June 14, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro moderato; Andante; (Rondeau) Allegro.

Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major, "Strassburg", K. 216[change | change source]

This concerto is qA for violl llsolo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. o _\\[ composed in Salzburg oano olois dated September 12, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro; Adagio; (Rondeau) Allegro.2lpp

Violin Concerto No. 4 in D major, K. 218[change | change source]

The fourth concerto in D major is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was composed in Salzburg, and is dated October 1775. The autograph of the score is kept in Biblioteka Jagiellońska, Kraków.[2]

  • Allegro.
  • Andante cantabile. This movement is written in the concerto's dominant key of A major. It begins with a broad opening theme that occurs again in the middle of the piece, and again in the coda. The movement focuses on expressive melody rather than virtuoso display. The opening theme returns in 6/8 meter in the third movement's Allegro ma non troppo section. Mozart first used the theme in the Concertone in C major, K. 190.
  • Andante grazioso.

Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, "Turkish", K. 219[change | change source]

Autograph page from the Violin Concerto No. 5

The fifth concerto in A major is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was written in Salzburg and is dated December 20, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro aperto; Adagio; (Rondeau) Tempo di Menuetto.

Two Other Concertos of Controversial Attribution[change | change source]

A sixth concerto, in E flat major, was at one time attributed to Mozart [3] but is now attributed instead to Johann Friedrich Eck.

Violin Concerto No. 7 in D Major, also called the Kolb Concerto.[4]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Zaslaw 1990, pp. 137-138.
  2. Mozart, W. A. (2002). Konzert in D für Violine und Orchester Nr. 4 KV 218. Klavierauszug (Piano Reduction). Kassel: Bärenreiter Verlag. p. VI–VII.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help) ISMN M-006-45797-7
  3. Roeder, Michael Thomas (1994). A History of the Concerto. Amadeus Press. pp. 139–141. 
  4. "David Garrett biografia". Retrieved December 31, 2015. 

References[change | change source]

  • Woodstra, Chris (2005), All Music Guide to Classical Music, All Media Guide, LLC, ISBN 0-87930-865-6 
  • Zaslaw, Neal (ed.); Cowdrey, William (ed.) (1990), The Compleat Mozart: a guide to the musical works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., ISBN 0-393-02886-0