Violin Concertos (Mozart)

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Leopold Mozart wrote of this 1777 portrait of his son Wolfgang Amadeus, "It has little value as a piece of art, but as to the issue of resemblance, I can assure you that it is perfect."
Born January 27, 1756
Salzburg, Austria
Died December 5, 1791(1791-12-05) (aged 35)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Occupation Musician
Composer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote five violin concertos between 1773 and 1776 in Salzburg, Austria, most likely for his own use as concertmaster of the Archbishop of Salzburg's orchestra.

Violin Concerto No. 1 in B-flat major, K. 207[change | edit source]

This concerto is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns and strings, and was composed in Salzburg on April 14, 1773 or 1775. The date is uncertain. There are three movements: Allegro moderato; Adagio; Presto.

All three movements are written in sonata form, a form reserved by classical composers for their most serious works. The second movement is marked Adagio, a more intense tempo that Mozart's usual Andante.[1]

Violin Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 211[change | edit source]

The D major concerto is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was written in Salzburg and dated June 14, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro moderato; Andante; (Rondeau) Allegro.

Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major, "Strassburg", K. 216[change | edit source]

This concerto is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. I was composed in Salzburg and is dated September 12, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro; Adagio; (Rondeau) Allegro.

Violin Concerto No. 4 in D major, K. 218[change | edit source]

The fourth concerto in D major is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was composed in Salzburg, and is dated October 1775. The autograph of the score is kept in Biblioteka Jagiellońska, Kraków.[2]

  • Allegro.
  • Andante cantabile. This movement is written in the concerto's dominant key of A major. It begins with a broad opening theme that occurs again in the middle of the piece, and again in the coda. The movement focuses on expressive melody rather than virtuoso display. The opening theme returns in 6/8 meter in the third movement's Allegro ma non troppo section. Mozart first used the theme in the Concertone in C major, K. 190.
  • Andante grazioso.

Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, "Turkish", K. 219[change | edit source]

Autograph page from the Violin Concerto No. 5

The fifth concerto in A major is scored for violin solo, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. It was written in Salzburg and is dated December 20, 1775. It consists of three movements: Allegro aperto; Adagio; (Rondeau) Tempo di Menuetto.

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. Zaslaw 1990, pp. 137-138.
  2. Mozart, W. A.; Mahling, Christoph-Hellmut (preface) (2002). Konzert in D für Violine und Orchester Nr. 4 KV 218. Klavierauszug (Piano Reduction). Kassel: Bärenreiter Verlag. p. VI–VII. ISMN M-006-45797-7

References[change | edit source]

  • Woodstra, Chris (2005), All Music Guide to Classical Music, All Media Guide, LLC, ISBN 0-87930-865-6
  • Zaslaw, Neal (ed.); Cowdrey, William (ed.) (1990), The Compleat Mozart: a guide to the musical works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., ISBN 0-393-02886-0