Vologda

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vologda
Вологда
Kremlin Square in Vologda
Kremlin Square in Vologda
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Vologda
Vologda is located in Russia
Vologda
Vologda
Location of Vologda
Vologda is located in Vologda Oblast
Vologda
Vologda
Vologda (Vologda Oblast)
Coordinates: 59°13′N 39°54′E / 59.217°N 39.900°E / 59.217; 39.900Coordinates: 59°13′N 39°54′E / 59.217°N 39.900°E / 59.217; 39.900
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[2]
First mentioned1147 or 1264(see text)
Government
 • BodyVologda City Duma[3]
 • Head[3]Yury Sapozhnikov[4]
Area
 • Total116 km2 (45 sq mi)
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 • Total301,755
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
312,420 (+3.5%)
 • Rank63rd in 2010
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Vologda[2]
 • Capital ofVologda Oblast[2], Vologodsky District[8]
 • Urban okrugVologda Urban Okrug[9]
 • Capital ofVologodsky Municipal District[10], Vologda Urban Okrug[9]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[11])
Postal code(s)[12]
Dialing code(s)+7 8172[13]
OKTMO ID19701000001
City DayLast Sunday of June[14]
Twin townsZwolle, Miskolc, Londonderry, Kouvola, Strasbourg, Élancourt, Hrodna, Burgas, Kuusankoski, Mahilioŭ, Yevpatoria, Vorkuta, Burgas Municipality, SeverodvinskEdit this on Wikidata
Websitevologda-portal.ru/en/

Vologda (Russian: Вологда, IPA: [ˈvoləɡdə]) is a city and the administrative center of Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is built on the river Vologda. Vologda is a major transport hub in Northwestern Russia. The Russian Ministry of Culture classified Vologda as a historic city.[15] Also, several buildings in Vologda have been officially named cultural heritage monuments.[16]

History[change | change source]

The year that Vologda was founded is debated by historians. There are two different times (1147 and 1264) that are thought to be the first mentions of the city. 1147 was the year that Vologda was mentioned in a book while 1264 was the first official mention (a document of owned land by the Novgorod Republic after a treaty with the Grand Prince of Vladimir).

Throughout its history, Vologda has been a major port city on the river Vologda that several nations have fought over. In World War II, Finnish forces and Soviet forces fought over Vologda. The Soviets pushed the Finns back and used the city as a major transport hub for the rest of the war.

Climate[change | change source]

Vologda's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) bordering a mild subarctic climate (Dfc). The winters are long. Spring and autumn and cool while summer is warm.

Climate data for Vologda (1991–2020, extremes 1844–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.6
(42.1)
16.4
(61.5)
26.8
(80.2)
31.1
(88.0)
34.9
(94.8)
34.5
(94.1)
36.4
(97.5)
28.8
(83.8)
22.8
(73.0)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.6
(33.1)
9.2
(48.6)
17.2
(63.0)
21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
20.8
(69.4)
14.6
(58.3)
6.6
(43.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
8.0
(46.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.6
(38.5)
10.9
(51.6)
15.2
(59.4)
17.7
(63.9)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−7.2
(19.0)
3.5
(38.3)
Average low °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−12.9
(8.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
5.1
(41.2)
9.5
(49.1)
12.1
(53.8)
10.1
(50.2)
6.0
(42.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
Record low °C (°F) −47.1
(−52.8)
−43.2
(−45.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−47.1
(−52.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.4)
29
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
63
(2.5)
74
(2.9)
71
(2.8)
55
(2.2)
54
(2.1)
46
(1.8)
38
(1.5)
570
(22.4)
Average rainy days 6 5 8 14 17 18 16 18 19 18 12 7 158
Average snowy days 28 25 19 9 3 0.2 0 0.03 1 10 22 28 145
Average relative humidity (%) 86 83 78 71 65 73 76 81 84 87 88 87 80
Mean monthly sunshine hours 34 64 134 191 268 275 272 217 123 62 32 20 1,692
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[17]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[18]

Transportation[change | change source]

Vologda is a major transport hub in Russia with major railways, highways, and waterways going through it or nearby it. It also has a well-developed public transport system.

Railway[change | change source]

The city is the largest and most active stop of the Northern Railway.

Air[change | change source]

The Vologda Airport has regular flights to the Russian cities of Moscow, Ukhta, Velikiy Ustyug, Kichmengsky Gorodok, and Vytegra.

Sports[change | change source]

Vologda has large sports venues such as the stadiums "Dynamo", "Locomotive", "Vityaz", the swimming pools "Dynamo" and "Lagoon", the sports and concert complex "Spectrum", fitness centers, regional athletic spots. Vologda is a home to:

  • the male soccer team "Dynamo"
  • the female basketball team "Chevakata"

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Vologda is twinned with:[19]

References[change | change source]

  1. Resolution #178
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #371-OZ
  3. 3.0 3.1 Charter of Vologda, Chapter V
  4. Official website of the Administration of the City of Vologda. Yevgeny Borisovich Shulepov, City Head (in Russian)
  5. Mojgorod.ru. Entry on Vologda (in Russian)
  6. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  7. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  8. Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 19 220», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 19 220, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Law #1103-OZ
  10. Law #1112-OZ
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  12. "List of postal codes" (in Russian). Russian Post. Archived from the original on December 12, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  13. Телефонный код города Вологда (in Russian). kody.su. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  14. Charter of Vologda, Chapter I
  15. "Приказ Министерства культуры Российской Федерации, Министерства регионального развития Российской Федерации от 29 июля 2010 г. N 418/339 г. Москва "Об утверждении перечня исторических поселений"" (in Russian). Российская газета. September 29, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  16. "Culture in the Vologda region: Vologda city". Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2022-09-19.
  17. "Погода и Климат – Климат Вологда" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  18. "Volgoda Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  19. "Города – побратимы города Вологды". vologda-portal.ru (in Russian). Vologda. Retrieved 2020-02-03.