early 1970s 
Marruwa, Western Australia
|Residence||Hoppy's Camp, near Alice Springs |
|Years active||late 1980s – present|
|Style||Western Desert art|
|Children||Clarissa (born 1991)|
Josiah (born 1996)
|Parent(s)||Lanti, or "Joshua" (father)|
Watjunka Nangala (mother)
Early life[change | change source]
Walala was born in the late 1960s or early 1970s. He was born at Marua, near Lake Mackay. He grew up living a nomadic, traditional way of life in the desert. His family had never come into contact with modern, Euro-Australian society. He had never seen a white person, and his family always thought the aeroplanes they saw flying overhead were ghosts or spirits. Before Walala was born, his father Lanti had lived for a short time at the mission in Balgo. But he had run away after getting into trouble for stealing food. It was his decision to stay in the desert, and kept his family far away from the towns. Walala's mother was named Watjunka, and he was Watjunka's only child. He also had two other mothers, Papunya and Nanu, who were his father's secondary wives (and his mother's sisters). His father and Watjunka both died when he was young. The family finally came into contact with outsiders in October 1984, and were settled at Kiwirrkurra. He and his family became known as the last Aborigines living a traditional nomadic way of life in Australia.
Painting[change | change source]
Walala began painting in December 1987, a few years after settling at Kiwirrkurra. He was introduced to painting by his cousin Warlimpirrnga. He taught Walala about using paints and canvas. Walala joined the Papunya Tula artists, and he, Thomas and Warlimpirrnga eventually gained fame internationally as the Tjapaltjarri Brothers. Although he normally paints using Tjapaltjarri as a surname, Walala's skin name is Tjapangati.
His paintings depict scenes from the Tingari cycle (sacred and secret songs about the ancestors of the Pintupi). He uses only four colours at most, sticking to earthy, ochre colours to reflect the desert landscape. The places he depicts in his paintings are part of his traditional country, including Marruwa, Mintarnpi, Wanapatangu, Mina Mina, Naami, Yarrawangu and Wilkinkarra (Lake Mackay). These were places where the ancestors stopped for ceremonies when travelling across the country.
Walala uses acrylic paintings on canvas. His early work was in the flowing "dot" style of painting typical of the Papunya Tula artists. His style became different during the late 1990s, and began to paint rigid rectangles, replacing dotted lines with thick, solid lines.
His first exhibition was in 1997, for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art Award in Darwin. Most of his work is shown in exhibitions alongside the works of other Aboriginal artists. He has paintings in permanent collections in Australia, Europe and the United States. Walala paints the most out of the three Tjapaltjarri brothers. When painting regularly, he earns up to AU$2000 a day. His paintings often sell for many thousands of dollars.
References[change | change source]
- Johnson, Vivien (2008). Lives of the Papunya Tula Artists. Alice Springs: IAD Press. pp. 250, 252.
- The exact date is not known, and different sources make very different guesses. Some of the years given by sources are 1969, 1972 and 1973.
- Adlam, Nigel (3 February 2007). "Lost tribe happy in modern world". Herald Sun. Herald & Weekly Times Pty Ltd.
- "Walala Tjapaltjarri". Red Desert Gallery. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Toohey, Paul (4 May 2004). "The Last Nomads" (PDF). The Bulletin. p. 28–35.
- "Biography - Walala Tjapaltjarri". Aboriginal Art Online. Aboriginal Art Online Pty Ltd. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Bett Gallery (27 May 2008). "Auckland exhibition of leading Aboriginal Art". Scoop News. Scoop Media. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Adlam, Nigel (23 June 2009). "Swine flu fears sweep through communities". Northern Territory News. Darwin: News Limited.