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Walter Gropius

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Walter Gropius
Portrait by Louis Held, c. 1919
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius

(1883-05-18)18 May 1883
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died5 July 1969(1969-07-05) (aged 86)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
(m. 1915; div. 1920)
Ise Gropius
(m. 1923)
Children2, including Manon

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (18 May 1883 – 5 July 1969) was a German-American architect and founder of the Bauhaus School.[1] Gropius, Alvar Aalto, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright are usually called the pioneering masters of modernist architecture. He was a founder of Bauhaus in Weimar (1919).[2] Gropius was also an important architect of the International Style.[3]

Gropius is popular from both his buildings and the district of Gropiusstadt in Berlin. In 1959, he was given the AIA Gold Medal. In the early 1990s, multiple books called The Walter Gropius Archive were published. These books talked about his entire career. On May 17, 2008, Google Doodle celebrated Walter Gropius' 125th birthday.[4] In 1996, Gropius' Bauhaus Building and the Master Houses were made UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[5]

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  1. Bauhaus Archived 28 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine, The Tate Collection, retrieved 18 May 2008
  2. Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 319.
  3. "International Style | architecture". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  4. "125th Birthday of Walter Gropius". Google. 17 May 2008. Archived from the original on Jul 15, 2023.
  5. "Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. Retrieved March 6, 2024.
  6. "Spichlerz". Zabytek.pl. Archived from the original on Mar 10, 2023.
  7. "Das Bauhaus in Dessau". bauhaus-dessau.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2019-05-19. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  8. Mertens, Richard (20 August 2009). "Battle to Save Chicago's Gropius Architecture has Preservationists and City at Odds". Christian Science Monitor: 17 – via ProQuest.
  9. Martin, Schmidt, Garden and (1900–1910), Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, Detail and Elevation, retrieved 2022-11-12{{citation}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. Harvard Graduate Center – Walter Gropius – Great Buildings Online. greatbuildings.com

Further reading

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  • The New Architecture and the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, 1935.
  • The Scope of Total Architecture, Walter Gropius, 1956.
  • From Bauhaus to Our House, Tom Wolfe, 1981.
  • The Walter Gropius Archive, Routledge (publisher), 1990–1991.

Other websites

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