War of Attrition
The War of Attrition (1967–1970) was a war between Egypt and Israel. It ran from March 1969 to 7th August 1970 when the ceasefire was restored. It followed the Six-Day War in 1967, when Israel won a victory and captured the Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Objectives[change | change source]
Both sides used attrition warfare in an attempt to weaken the other. Both Egypt and Israel thought that by wearing down the other they would gain an advantage in later negotiations. Egypt wanted its territory back from Israel. The leader of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser, thought that by waging a low-grade war against Israel, he would exhaust their resources and get them to give up the territory. Israel wanted to secure its hold on the Sinai and annex it to Israel.
Outcome[change | change source]
In the end, neither side achieved their goals. Egypt did not force an Israeli withdrawal. Israel still occupied the Sinai. Both sides claimed they won the war. The Israeli death toll included 1,424 soldiers and 100 civilians. Approximately 2,000 soldiers and 700 civilians were wounded. Egypt lost about 10,000 soldiers and 1,500 officers. Another 5,000 Egyptian soldiers and 500 officers were captured. Egypt lost about 80% of its military equipment. The Suez Canal remained closed to shipping.
References[change | change source]
- Ahmed S. Khalidi. "The War of Attrition". Institute for Palestine Studies. http://www.palestine-studies.org/jps/fulltext/38277. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- Peter Fitzgerald. "The War of Attrition". The Finer Times. http://www.thefinertimes.com/War-in-The-Middle-East/war-of-attrition.html. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- "What Was the War of Attrition (Mar. 1969 -- Aug. 1970)?". ProCon.org. http://israelipalestinian.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000441. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- "War of Attrition during 1969-1970". Palestine Facts. http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_warofattrition.php. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- "War of Attrition". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/egypt4.htm. Retrieved 6 August 2016.