Jump to content

Who is a Jew?

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Part of a series on
Jewish religious movements

Orthodox (Haredi • Hasidic • Modern)

Conservative • Reform

Reconstructionist • Renewal • Humanistic

Jewish philosophy

Principles of faith • Kabbalah • Messiah • Ethics

Chosenness • Names of God • Musar

Religious texts

Tanakh (Torah • Nevi'im • Ketuvim)

Ḥumash • Siddur • Piyutim • Zohar

Rabbinic literature (Talmud • Midrash • Tosefta)

Religious Law

Mishneh Torah • Tur

Shulchan Aruch • Mishnah Berurah

Kashrut • Tzniut • Tzedakah • Niddah • Noahide laws

Holy cities

Jerusalem • Safed • Hebron • Tiberias

Important figures

Abraham • Isaac • Jacob

Moses • Aaron • David • Solomon

Sarah • Rebecca • Rachel  • Leah

Rabbinic sages
Jewish life cycle

Brit • Pidyon haben • Bar/Bat Mitzvah

Marriage • Bereavement

Religious roles

Rabbi • Rebbe • Posek • Hazzan/Cantor

Dayan • Rosh yeshiva • Mohel • Kohen/Priest

Religious buildings & institutions

Synagogue • Beth midrash • Mikveh

Sukkah • Chevra kadisha

Holy Temple / Tabernacle

Jewish education

Yeshiva • Kollel • Cheder

Religious articles

Sefer Torah • Tallit • Tefillin • Tzitzit • Kippah

Mezuzah • Hanukiah/Menorah • Shofar

4 Species • Kittel • Gartel

Jewish prayers and services

Shema • Amidah • Aleinu • Kaddish • Minyan

Birkat Hamazon • Shehecheyanu • Hallel

Havdalah • Tachanun • Kol Nidre • Selichot

Judaism & other religions

Christianity • Islam • Judeo-Christian

Abrahamic faiths
Related topics

Jewish culture • [[]] • Israel •

Who is a Jew? (Hebrew: ?מיהו יהודי) is the basic question about the identity of Jews, or in other words: which people are considered to be Jewish.

Question of race?

[change | change source]

The definition of who is a Jew may depend on a few things. Because Judaism has no specific race, it can include characteristics of an ethnicity, religion, and citizenship, and so the definition of who is a Jew is not specific.

This question has been a subject to legal arguments, especially in Israel but also outside of it. There have been court cases in Israel since 1962 which had to address the question. In addition, the United Kingdom and other countries has had to consider whether the question was a racial issue or not.[1]

In Nazi Germany

[change | change source]

It was an important question to the Nazi party in Germany. The Nazis decided who a Jew was with the Nuremberg Laws.

My mom is Jewish or I converted

[change | change source]

The question is based on the person's genealogy. Simple definition: a person is a Jew either by birth (in any case if one's mother is Jewish) or by religious conversion.[1]

Other ideas

[change | change source]

However, some disagree. Therefore, the following need to be taken into account:

  • Are the parents mixed (Jew and Gentile)?
  • What is the conversion process?
  • Has there been a loss of Jewish identity?
  • What is the person's diaspora identity?
  • Do they have an Israeli citizenship?
[change | change source]


[change | change source]
  1. 1.0 1.1 "You're still Jewish – even if your mother isn't". The Independent. 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2019-07-19.

Other websites

[change | change source]