Yarra River

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Coordinates: 37°51′7″S 144°54′30″E / 37.85194°S 144.90833°E / -37.85194; 144.90833
Yarra (Berrern, Birr-arrung,
Bay-ray-rung, Birarang,[1] Birrarung,[2] Wongete
)
Yarra Yarra
River[3]
Yarra River Pound Bend.JPG
The Yarra River through Pound Bend near Warrandyte.
Name origin: Aboriginal (Boonwurrung): Yarro-yarro = "ever-flowing"[4]
Nickname: "The Yarra"
Country Australia
State Victoria
Regions South Eastern Highlands (IBRA), Central Victoria
Local government area Yarra Ranges Shire
Part of Port Phillip and Western Port catchment
Tributaries
 - left Maribyrnong River, Moonee Ponds Creek, Merri Creek, Darebin Creek, Plenty River, Diamond Creek, Steeles Creek, Watts River, Badger Creek, Don River, Cement Creek
 - right Gardiners Creek, Glass Creek, Koonung Creek, Mullum Mullum Creek, Jumping Creek, Olinda Creek, Woori Yallock Creek, Hoddles Creek, Little Yarra River, Starvation Creek
City Melbourne
Source Yarra Ranges, Great Dividing Range
 - location within Yarra Ranges National Park
 - elevation 792 m (2,598 ft)
 - coordinates 37°44′57″S 146°8′26″E / 37.74917°S 146.14056°E / -37.74917; 146.14056
Mouth Hobsons Bay, Port Phillip
 - location near the suburb of Template:VICcity
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 37°51′7″S 144°54′30″E / 37.85194°S 144.90833°E / -37.85194; 144.90833
Length 242 km (150 mi)
Basin 4,078 km² (1,574.5 sq mi) 50%
Discharge mouth
 - average 37 /s (1,306.6 cu ft/s)
National park Yarra Ranges NP, Royal Botanic Gardens
Reservoir Upper Yarra Reservoir
Nature reserve / State park Warrandyte SP, Westerfolds P, Yarra Bend P, Birrarung Marr

The Yarra River is also known as the Yarra Yarra River, Aboriginal: Berrern, Birr-arrung, Bay-ray-rung, Birarang.[1] Birrarung,[2] and Wongete). The Yarra river is a perennial river in east-central Victoria, Australia. The river flows from its source in the Yarra Ranges 242 kilometres (150 mi) west through the Yarra Valley. The river opens out into plains as it winds its way through Greater Melbourne. It then empties into Hobsons Bay in northernmost Port Phillip.

The river was a major food source for indigenous Australians during prehistoric times. It also served as a meeting place during those times. The river was first called Birrarung by the Wurundjeri. The current name was translated wrong from another Wurundjeri term in the Boonwurrung language; Yarro-yarro, meaning "ever-flowing".

The river was used for agriculture by early European settlers. The landscape of the river has changed since 1835. The course of the river has been changed and widened in places. Widening and dams, like the Upper Yarra Reservoir have helped protect Melbourne from major flooding. Industrialisation led to the destruction of the marshlands at the joining of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers in the area around Coode Island in West Melbourne. The yearly Moomba festival celebrates the Yarra River's meaning to Melbourne.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "BYGONE DAYS.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia): p. 13. 15 July 1939. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11265205. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Eidelson, Meyer (1997). The Melbourne Dreaming. A Guide to the Aboriginal Places of Melbourne (Reprint 2000 ed.). Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press. pp. 14–17. ISBN 0-85575-306-4. 
  3. "Yarra River: 30146". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 2 May 1966. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  4. "Yarra River: 30146: Historical Information". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 2 May 1966. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 

Other websites[change | change source]