Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)

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Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Part of the Arab Winter, the Yemeni Crisis and the Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict/Qatar–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict
Yemeni Civil War.svg
Military situation in Yemen on 13 February 2019
     Controlled by the Supreme Political Council (Houthis)

     Controlled by the Hadi-led government and allies      Controlled by Southern Transitional Council      Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)      Controlled by Ansar al-Sharia and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

(For a map of the military situation in Yemen and border areas in Saudi Arabia, see the detailed map here.)
Date19 March 2015 – ongoing
(4 years, 8 months and 2 weeks)
Location
Status

Ongoing

Territorial
changes
As of May 2016: AQAP controls 36% of the country (193,000 km²)[52]
Main belligerents

Supreme Political Council

Cabinet of Yemen

Saudi-led coalition
 Saudi Arabia[14]
 United Arab Emirates[15]
 Senegal[16]
 Sudan[17][18]
 Morocco[19] (2015–19)[20]
 Qatar[17] (2015–17)[21]
Academi security contractors[22][23][24][25][26]

United States Green Berets[27][28]
France French Army Special Forces Command[29][30][31]
Academi


Southern Transitional Council (from 2017)[39]
Tareq Saleh forces (from 2017)[40][41]

ShababFlag.svg Al-Qaeda[46][47][48]
Ansar al-Sharia


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL-YP[50][51]
Commanders and leaders

Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
Ali Mohsen (2016–)
Khaled Bahah (2015–16)
Hussein Arab (until 2017)
Ahmed Saleh (2017–)[11]
Tareq Saleh (2017–)
Saudi-led coalition:
King Salman
Muhammad bin Salman
Mohammed bin Zayed
Tamim bin Hamad (2015–17)
Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan
Macky Sall
Mohamed VI (2015–19)

Nasir al-Wuhayshi 
Qasim al-Raymi
Nasser al-Ansi 
Ibrahim al-Rubaish 
Khalid Batarfi
Ibrahim al Qosi[91]


Abu Bilal al-Harbi[92]
Abu Osama al-Muhajer (POW)[93]
Strength

Supreme Political Council:

150,000–200,000 fighters[94]
100 warplanes and 150,000 soldiers[95]
30 warplanes[96]
15 warplanes[96] and 300 troops[97]
15 warplanes[96]
10 warplanes and 1,000 soldiers[96][98]
6 warplanes[96]
6 warplanes[96] and 1,500 troops[19][96]
4 warplanes and 6,000 troops[99][100]
2,100 troops[96]
4 warships[101] and warplanes[102]
1,800 security contractors[103]

Ansar al-Sharia


ISIL: 300[108]
Casualties and losses
"Thousands" killed (per Al Jazeera; as of May 2018)
11,000+ killed (Arab Coalition claim; as of December 2017)[109]

1,000[110]-3,000[111] soldiers killed
10 captured;[112]
3 aircraft lost;[113][114][115]
9 helicopters lost[116][117][118][119][120][121]
20 M1A2S lost[122]
1 frigate damaged[123]
United Arab Emirates Over 120 soldiers killed[124]
3 aircraft lost[125][126]
3 helicopters lost[127][128]
1 watercraft damaged (HSV-2 Swift)[129]
Sudan 1,000–1,200 soldiers killed[130][131]
Bahrain 8 soldiers killed[132]
1 F-16 crashed[133]
Qatar 4 soldiers killed[134]
Morocco 1 soldier killed[135]
1 F-16 shot down[136][135]
Jordan 1 F-16 lost[137]


Academi: 15 PMCs killed[138]
1,000 killed, 1,500 captured[139]

91,600+ killed overall in Yemen (11,700+ civilians)[140]
500+ killed overall in Saudi Arabia[141]
49,960 wounded overall in Yemen[142] (10,768 civilians)[143]
3,154,572 people displaced[144]

84,701 children died from starvation (per Save the Children)[145] and 2,556 people died due to a cholera outbreak (April 2017–October 2018)[146]

The Yemeni Civil War is an ongoing conflict that began in 2015 between two factions: the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi led Yemeni government and the Houthi armed movement, along with their supporters and allies. Both claim to constitute the official government of Yemen.[147] Houthi forces currently controlling the capital Sanaʽa, allied with forces loyal to the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, have clashed with the forces loyal to Hadi who are based in Aden. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant have also carried out attacks, with AQAP controlling swathes of territory in the hinterlands, and along stretches of the coast.[148] On 21 March 2015, after taking over Sanaʽa and the Yemeni government, the Houthi-led Supreme Revolutionary Committee declared a general mobilization to overthrow Hadi and expand their control by driving into southern provinces.[149] The Houthi offensive, allied with military forces loyal to Saleh, began fighting the next day in Lahij Governorate. By 25 March, Lahij fell to the Houthis and they reached the outskirts of Aden, the seat of power for Hadi's government.[150] Hadi fled the country the same day.[151] At the same time, a coalition led by Saudi Arabia launched military operations by using air strikes to restore the former Yemeni government.[17] The United States provided intelligence and logistical support for the campaign.[152] According to the UN and other sources, from March 2015 to December 2017, between 8,670–13,600 people were killed in Yemen, including more than 5,200 civilians, as well as estimates of more than 50,000 dead as a result of an ongoing famine due to the war.[142][153][154] The conflict has been widely seen as an extension of the Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict and as a means to combat Iranian influence in the region.[155][156] In 2018, the United Nations warned that 13 million Yemeni civilians face starvation in what it says could become "the worst famine in the world in 100 years."[157] The international community has sharply condemned the Saudi Arabian-led bombing campaign, which has included widespread bombing of civilian areas.[158] The bombing campaign has killed or injured an estimated 17,729 civilians as of March 2019 according to the Yemen Data Project.[159] Despite this, the crisis has only recently begun to gain as much international media as the Syrian civil war.[160][161] The US has been providing bombs to aid the Saudi forces and airstrikes in Yemen. In March 2019, this has led the US senate to pass a resolution to end US support of Saudi Arabia.[162] It has since been vetoed by President of the United States Donald Trump, and in May, the Senate failed to override the veto.[163]


References[change | change source]

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