Yoruba religion is a traditional West African religion, mainly from Nigeria. It is the religion of the Yoruba people. It has influenced some off-shoot religious groups. It is nowadays a minority religion. A central idea behind the Yoruba religion is that natural objects, like trees, rivers, stones, and iron have a spiritual existence.
The Yoruba religion has had great influence among black people in Cuba, many of whom are Yoruba descendants. It has some usage in other Caribbean islands, and in the United States. In Cuba the religion is known locally as regla d'ocha, (meaning 'the way of the spirits'). Santería is a slightly wider term referring to the merging ("syncretism") of African spirits and Catholic saints. Adherents in countries like Cuba may be received into the Catholic church and initiated into the Yoruban religion, sometimes on successive days.
References[change | change source]
- Fakinlede, Kayode J. 2005. Beginners Yoruba
- Bolívar Aróstegui, Natalia 1990. Los orishas en Cuba. Havana. (in Spanish)
- Canizares, Raul 1993. Walking with the night: the afro-Cuban world of santeria. Rochester, VT: Destiny.
- Feraudy Espino, Heriberto 1993. Un acercamíento a nostreas raíces. Havana. (in Spanish)
- Gonzalez-Whippler, Migene 1982. The santeria experience. N.Y. Original Publications. ISBN 0-942272-15-3
- Lachataneré, Rómulo 1992. El sistema religioso de los afrocubanos. Havana. (in Spanish)
- Mason, Michael Atwood 2002. Living santeria: rituals and experiences in an Afro-Cuban religion. Washington: Smithsonian. ISBN 1-58834-077-5
- Murphy, Joseph M. 1988. Santería: an African religion in America. Boston:Beacon. ISBN 0-8070-1015-4
- Thompson, Robert Farris 1983. Flash of the spirit: African and Afro-American art & philosophy. N.Y. Vintage. ISBN 0-394-72369-4