Yuan Shikai

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Yuan Shikai
General Yuan Shikai.jpg
President of the Republic of China
In office
22 March 1916 – 6 June 1916
Preceded byhimself as Emperor of China
Succeeded byLi Yuanhong
In office
10 March 1912 – 12 December 1915
Preceded bySun Yat-sen
Succeeded byhimself as Emperor of China
Emperor of China
In office
12 December 1915 – 22 March 1916
Preceded byhimself as President of China
Succeeded byhimself as President of China
2nd Prime Minister of the Imperial Cabinet of China
In office
2 November 1911 – 10 March 1912
Preceded byYikuang, Prince Qing
Succeeded byQing Dynasty ended
Grand Councillor of Qing China
In office
1907–1908
Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Qing China
In office
1907–1908
Preceded byLu Haihuan
Succeeded byLiang Dunyan
Personal details
Born16 September 1859
Xiangcheng, Henan , Qing China
Died6 June 1916 (aged 56)
Beijing, Republic of China
NationalityChinese
Political partyBeiyang clique Republican Party
Children32
OccupationPolitician
Military service
AllegianceQing Dynasty (1881-1912)
Republic of China (1912-1915,1916)
Empire of China (1915-1916)

Yuan Shikai (Chinese: 袁世凱; pinyin: Yuán Shìkǎi; 16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese military and government official who rose to power during the late Qing dynasty and eventually ended the Qing dynasty rule of China in 1912 when it became the Republic of China, in 1912 later becoming the Emperor of China during World War 1 but died in 1916 in Beijing . He joined the Beiyang Army in 1881 he was also involved in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) as well the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) led by Empress Dowager Cixi and the Xinhai Revolution (1911-1912) led by Sun Yat-sen as well as World War 1 (1914-1918) which he tried to make himself the Hongxian Emperor trying to restore the Qing dynasty known as the Empire of China in 1915 but it failed in 1916 and it became the Republic of China again in 1916 he was then replaced by General Duan Qirui (1865-1936) .