Yuri Orlov

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yuri Orlov

Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov (Russian: Ю́рий Фёдорович Орло́в, 13 August 1924 – 27 September 2020) was a Soviet-born Russian nuclear physicist and human rights activist. He was born in Moscow.[1] He was a Soviet dissident.[2]

Orlov was the founder of the Moscow Helsinki Group[3] and a founding member of the Soviet Amnesty International group.[4]

He was declared a prisoner of conscience[5] while serving nine years in prison and internal exile for monitoring the Helsinki human rights accords[6] as a founder of the human rights movement in the Soviet Union.[7]

After he was released and deported from the Soviet Union in 1986, Orlov settled in the United States. He became a professor of physics at Cornell University. Orlov died on 27 September 2020 in Ithaca, New York at the age of 96.[8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Zellick, Graham (1980). "The Criminal Trial and the Disruptive Defendant". The Modern Law Review. 43 (2): 121–135. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.1980.tb01585.x.
  2. Human Rights Watch World Report 1990. Human Rights Watch. 1991. p. 296.
  3. Information, Reed Business (2 July 1981). "CERN turns its back on Yuri Orlov". New Scientist. 91 (1260): 4. {{cite journal}}: |first1= has generic name (help)[permanent dead link]
  4. Garelik, Glenn (21 July 1991). "Science and dissidence". The Washington Post.
  5. Halperin, Israel (1984). "Prisoners of conscience". Physics Today. 37 (12): 94. Bibcode:1984PhT....37l..94H. doi:10.1063/1.2916026.
  6. Information, Reed Business (9 October 1986). "Orlov receives red carpet from Western science". New Scientist. 112 (1529): 16. {{cite journal}}: |first1= has generic name (help)
  7. "Founder of the Soviet human-rights movement". U.S. News & World Report. 101 (16): 23. 10 October 1986.
  8. "The founder of the Moscow Helsinki Group, Yuri Orlov, dies". Archived from the original on 2021-12-24. Retrieved 2020-09-28.