Zand dynasty

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The Zand dynasty (Persian: سلسله زندیه), was an Iranian dynasty founded by Karim Khan (r. 1751–1779) who ruled all Iran excluding Khorasan[1] of Zand clan of Lur tribe Lak tribe.[2][1][3]

Flag of Iran during the Zand period
Parent houseZand tribe
CountryZand Iran
FounderKarim Khan
TitlesDeputy of People, Shah of Iran

Rulers of Iran[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Perry 2011, p. 561–564.
  2. Tucker 2020.
  3. Yarshater 2004, p. 234–238.

Sources[change | change source]

  • Tucker, Ernest (2020). "Karīm Khān Zand". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online.
  • Perry, John R. (2011). "KARIM KHAN ZAND". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XV. Fasc. 6. pp. 561–564.
  • Yarshater, Ehsan (2004). "IRAN ii. IRANIAN HISTORY (2) Islamic period (page 4)". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XIII. Fasc. 3. pp. 234–238.