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Painting of Śramaṇa Zhiyi.
Other namesChen De'an (陳德安), Master Tiantai (天台大師), Master Zhizhe (智者大師)
Born16 February 538
Died3 August 597(597-08-03) (aged 59)
Lineage4th generation
Other namesChen De'an (陳德安), Master Tiantai (天台大師), Master Zhizhe (智者大師)
Dharma namesZhiyi
TempleWaguan Temple
Guoqing Temple
Senior posting
TeacherFaxu (法緒)
Huikuang (慧曠)
Nanyue Huisi
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese智顗
Simplified Chinese智𫖮
Korean name
Japanese name

Zhiyi (Chinese: 智顗; pinyin: Zhìyǐ; Wade–Giles: Chih-i; Japanese pronunciation: Chigi; Korean: 지의; 538–597 CE) also Chen De'an (陳德安), was an important Chinese Buddhist philosopher. Zhiyi is famous for developing a well developed philosophical system for Chinese Buddhism. He is also known for having made a big break with Indian Buddhist traditions.

According to David W. Chappell, Zhiyi "has been ranked with Thomas Aquinas and al-Ghazali as one of the great systematizers of religious thought and practice in world history."[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. Swanson, Paul L. (1989). Foundations of Tʻien-Tʻai philosophy : the flowering of the two truths theory in Chinese Buddhism. Berkeley, Calif.: Asian Humanities Press. ISBN 0-89581-918-X. OCLC 19270856.

Works[change | change source]

  • Dharmamitra (trans.): The Essentials of Buddhist Meditation by Shramana Zhiyi, Kalavinka Press 2008, ISBN 978-1-935413-00-4
  • Donner, Neal & Daniel B. Stevenson (1993). The Great Calming and Contemplation. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.
  • Shen, Haiyan. The Profound Meaning of the Lotus Sutra: T'ien-t'ai Philosophy of Buddhism volumes I and II. Delhi: Originals, 2005. ISBN 8188629413ISBN 8188629413
  • Swanson, Paul L.; trans. (2004). The Great Cessation and Contemplation (Mo-ho Chih-kuan, Chapter 1-6), CD-ROM, Tokyo: Kosei Publishing Co.
  • Tam, Wai Lun (1986). A Study and Translation on the Kuan-hsin-lun of Chih-i (538-597) and its Commentary by Kuan-Ting, Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster University
  • Thich Tien Tam, trans. (1992). Ten Doubt about Pure Land by Dharma Master Chi-I (T. 47 No. 1961). In: Pure Land Buddhism - Dialogues with Ancient Masters, NY: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada & Buddha Dharma Education Association, pp. 19–51.

Secondary sources[change | change source]