Academic grading in Philippines

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The Philippines has varied university grading systems. Most universities, particularly public institutions, follow the grade point system scale of 5.00 - 1.00, in which 1.00 is the highest grade and 5.00 is the lowest possible grade.

Grade point scale (5.00 - 1.00)[change | edit source]

University of the Philippines and Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Grade Point System
Grade Point Equivalence Equivalence
1.00 95% - 100%
1.25 91% - <95%
1.50 86% - <91%
1.75 81% - <86%
2.00 76% - <81%
2.25 72% - <76%
2.50 68% - <72%
2.75 64% - <68%
3.00 60% - <64%
4.00 Conditional Pass or Fail
5.00 below 60%
University of the Philippines and Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 1.00 - 1.20
Magna Cum Laude 1.21 - 1.45
Cum Laude 1.46 - 1.75

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila also employ a specific grading category for retention. This system uses the General Weighted Average (GWA) per semester as a basis whether or not a particular student shall be retained at the course or college he or she is enrolled to. Some colleges have higher GWA requirement for retention, but most of them demands a GWA of at least 2.50 per semester. A few graduate schools, on the other hand, employ the Pass or Fail system.

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Grading Category for Retention
Status General Weighted Average
Good standing 1.00 - 2.50
Probationary status Below 2.50
Warning status 2.50 for two consecutive semesters
Most common grading system of other colleges and universities:
Grade Point Equivalence Equivalence Description
1.00 96% - 100% Excellent
1.25 94% - 95% Superior
1.50 91% - 93% Very Good
1.75 89% - 90% Good
2.00 86% - 88% Very Satisfactory
2.25 83% - 85% High Average
2.50 80% - 82% Average
2.75 77% - 79% Fair
3.00 75% - 76% Pass
4.00 70% - 74% Conditional (Midterm Only)
5.00 70% and below Failing Final Grade
5A - Failure Due To Absences
5W - Withdrawal
INC - Incomplete
DRP - Dropped

Notable exceptions include De La Salle University & FEU-East Asia College, which follow the 1.000 - 4.000 grading system, which patterns those of American universities. This system uses the 4.0 grade point equivalence as the highest grade, while 0.0 grade point equivalence is considered the lowest possible grade. 0.0 grade point equivalence is considered a failing mark.

Grade point scale (1.000 - 4.000)[change | edit source]

De La Salle University & FEU-East Asia College Grade Point System
Grade Point Equivalence Description Equivalence
4.0 Excellent 97% - 100%
3.5 Superior 93% - 96%
3.0 Very Good 89% - 92%
2.5 Good 85% - 88%
2.0 Fair 80% - 84%
1.5 Passed 75% - 79%
1.0 Failed 70% - 74%
De La Salle University Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 3.800 - 4.000
Magna Cum Laude 3.600 - 3.799
Cum Laude 3.400 - 3.599

Other universities, such as the Ateneo de Manila University and its sister schools, use the letter grade system with varied grade equivalence range.

Letter grade system[change | edit source]

Ateneo de Manila University Letter Grade System (Mathematics Department)
Grade Point Equivalence Letter Grade Equivalence Equivalence
4.0 A 92% - 100%
3.5 B+ 86% - 91%
3.0 B 77% - 85%
2.5 C+ 69% - 76%
2.0 C 60% - 69%
1.0 D 50% - 59%
0.0 F below 50%
Ateneo de Manila University Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 3.87 - 4.00
Magna Cum Laude 3.70 - 3.86
Cum Laude 3.50 - 3.69

More importantly, Philippine universities do not have standard grade equivalence. Different universities have varied equivalence range, while passing grades are subject to imposed academic quality of an institution.

Related pages[change | edit source]