Alpine Newt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alpine Newt
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Triturus
Species: T. alpestris
Binomial name
Triturus alpestris
(Laurenti, 1768)

The Alpine Newt (Triturus alpestris) is an amphibian. It is a Salamander (Urodela or Caudata). The alpine newt is one of five newts in Germany.

Description[change | edit source]

Early in the year, Alpine Newts mate. During that time, the males have a blue color on their sides but not too much to overlap their white-black-spotted flank. Their belly is a bright orange. The females are more camouflaged to their marshy environment. They are a mottled brown with barely visible, black spots.

The biggest of the males can reach up to nine, and the females up to twelve centimeters in length. After the mating season, they return to their natural color of the mottled brown.

Life and Habitat[change | edit source]

The Alpine newt typically lives in forests with good access to water in hilly to mountainous regions. They are mostly absent in forest-poor areas. They often occur in thick deciduous forests, as well as parland and natural gardens. Outside the spawning season, the Alpine Newt is a land animal. During the day it stays in all kinds of undergrowth, but during the mating season in cool water (forest pools, artificial pools). After the adults come out of winter dormancy, the Alpine Newts immediately take themselves to the spawning pools.

Location[change | edit source]

The spread of the alpine newt is constricted to Central Europe and parts of mountainous Southern Europe as well as an isolated area on the Iberian Peninsula.

There is also some introduced wild populations in the UK

Endangerment[change | edit source]

After a steep decrease in the Alpine Newt population in the 1960s-70s, they have apparently recovered their numbers a little bit. Surveillance in the surrounding area of Cologne (approximately 50m above sea level) pointed particularly toward an increase in alpine newt numbers, whereas the numbers of newts in breeding pools seemed to decline. In home gardens, newts are settling in pools in which there can be a high reproduction rate. If fish are maintained in these ponds, the population even in larger ponds will be completely wiped out. However, a small pool of 150 litres volume had more than 60 Alpine Newt larvae of different sizes contained within it at the beginning of July 2003. They were likely spawned from just one female.[2]

Taxonomy[change | edit source]

The Alpine Newt has been usually placed into the Triturus genus. García-París et al.[3] split the genus Triturus into three, and placed the Alpine Newt into its own genus Mesotriton. Also the subspecies T. a. inexpectatus was elevated to species status. However this split has not been completely accepted yet. Originally 9 subspecies of the Alpine Newt were recognized.

  • T. a. alpestris (Laurenti, 1768) Alpine Newt
  • T. a. apuanus (Gray, 1850) Italian Alpine Newt
  • T. a. cyreni (Mertens & Muller, 1940) Spanish Alpine Newt
  • T. a. lacusnigri (Dely, 1960) Yugoslavian Alpine Newt
  • T. a. montenegrinus (Radovanovic, 1951) Montenegran Alpine Newt
  • T. a. piperianus (Radovanovic, 1961)
  • T. a. serdarus (Radovanovic, 1961)
  • T. a. inexpectatus (Dubois & Breuil, 1983) Calabrian Alpine Newt
  • T. a. veluchiensis (Wolterstorff, 1935) Greek Alpine Newt

References[change | edit source]

  1. Arntzen, J.W. et al. (2006). Triturus alpestris. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 2009-02-03.
  2. APl1800 H. J. Anton, Breeding productivity of newts in small garden ponds
  3. García-París, M., A. Montori, and P. Herrero. 2004. Amphibia: Lissamphibia. Fauna Iberica Vol. 24. Madrid: Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.