Dubrovnik is a city in Croatia on the Dalmatian coast. More than 500 years ago it was called "Ragusa". The Italian name of the city is still "Ragusa", this sometimes leads to confusion because there is already a city named Ragusa on Sicily. It is on the Adriatic Sea. About 50,000 people lived there in 2001. Because of its age and unique buildings, the old city of Dubrovnik has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
History[change | change source]
The old city of Ragusa was started by Greeks who left Illiryans after their home was invaded in the sixth century. They had been part of the Holy Roman Empire. Ragusa of Dalmatia grew to be an important country on the sea, called Republic of Ragusa. This republic lasted until Napoleon times. 
Ragusa originally was the only city of Dalmatia with Roman influence not controlled by the Republic of Venice, but after the Middle Ages started to be populated more and more by Croats and Serbs from inland areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina. They had started the neighboring town of Dubrovnik, which eventually joined Ragusa. The original population (the Dalmatian Italians) was reduced to the few people of the ruling class and in the 19th century nearly all the people living in Ragusa were Slavs (Croats and Serbs). Ragusa of Dalmatia officially changed name to "Dubrovnik" (a Croatian name) after 1918, when the city became part of the newly created country of Yugoslavia.
Today Dubrovnik is one of the main tourist sites in Croatia. Dubrovnik is famous for its Old Town - this is an ancient fortress with large stone walls, which helped Dubrovnik keep its freedom for many centuries. There was a major earthquake in 1667 that destroyed many buildings, but they were able to rebuild.
See also[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
- Old City of Dubrovnik - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
- Flags of Ragusa
- Storia e monetazione di Ragusa, oggi Dubrovnik (in Italian)
- Dalmatia and Montenegro by John Gardner Wilkinson, on Google Books
Further reading[change | change source]
- Harris, Robin. Dubrovnik, A History. London: Saqi Books, 2003. ISBN 0-86356-332-5
- Scotti, Giacomo. Ragusa, la quinta repubblica marinara. LINT Editoriale, Trieste, ISBN 88-8190-231-1
References[change | change source]
- "Old city of Dubrovnik". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/95. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Dubrovnik history". Dubrovnik city. http://www.dubrovnikcity.com/dubrovnik/history.htm. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
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