Goulburn, New South Wales

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Goulburn
New South Wales
Goulburnmerino1.JPG
Landmark: The Big Merino
Population: 20,127 (2006 Census)
Established: 1833
Postcode: 2580
Elevation: 702 m (2,303 ft)
Location:
LGA: Goulburn Mulwaree Council
County: Argyle
State District: Goulburn
Federal Division: Hume
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
20.1 °C
68 °F
7.3 °C
45 °F
665.7 mm
26.2 in
Court house opened 1887

Goulburn is a city in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. It is 190 km south-west of Sydney on the Hume Highway. It is 690 metres above sea-level. In 2006 there were 20,127 people living in Goulburn.[1] Goulburn calls itself as "Australia's first inland city". The city of Bathurst also claims to be the first inland city in Australia.

Goulburn was named by James Meehan after Henry Goulburn, a British politician. The Governor Lachlan Macquarie approved the choice of name. The Aboriginal name for Goulburn is Burbong.[2] This is a Murring/Wiradjuri word meaning a special place.

Goulburn has a railway station on the Main Southern railway line. It is a service centre for the many farms in the area. It also provides a rest stop for those travelling on the Hume Highway. It has a central park and many historic buildings, including old houses near the railway station on Sloane Street. It also has two 19th-century cathedrals. It is home to the Big Merino, the world's largest cement sheep.

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